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Interesting facts about fruits and vegetables
- Cabbage: the hated vegetable
- Products with negative calories
- Experiments with melons
- Dangerous food with potatoes
- The myth about spinach
- Explosive fruit
- Not a berry, and nut
- Apple orchards johnny
The development of the cultivation of fruit and vegetables was an important milestone in the development of human civilization. People, learn to grow your own crops, has not had to lead a nomadic lifestyle in search of food. Today the products of horticulture occupy key positions in the daily diet. Nutritionists recommend regularly include in the diet vegetables and fruits unlike pastry and sweet, the number of which is better to reduce. Some of the horticultural crops are associated interesting facts about which will tell.
Cabbage: the hated vegetable
According to the statistics of Western experts, one of the most hated vegetables in the world often referred to as celery, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli. The last of them George W. Bush, using the powers of the President of the United States, officially forbidden to serve in the White house. Despite the nutritional value and the abundance of useful properties, these green vegetables are rarely who he calls “minions Wallpaper”. All because of their peculiar bitter taste and is not always aesthetically pleasing dark green color.
It is enough to recall baby food with broccoli, which is cooked without salt and spices. The majority of adults experience this snack disgust. To improve the taste of these vegetables need the add-ons in the form of spices and proper preparation. For example, young and fresh plants taste much better than stale and overripe. To remove excessive bitterness and acidity by sending them first in cold water for a few minutes or add to dishes just a little lemon and balsamic vinegar.
Products with negative calories
There are many diets that help to reduce consumed calories and thereby reduce weight. Recently gaining popularity of the diet with foods that contain negative calories. And in first place among such food — fruits and vegetables (especially celery and cucumber). Due to the minimal calorie content they don’t add weight. But because of the abundance in these fibers, the body needs some time to digest, and that means wasted energy, which helps to burn more calories and available. Many believe that low-calorie vegetables (lettuce, cucumber, celery, radish, eggplant, etc.) and fruits (apples, pineapples, currants, plums, watermelon, etc.) you can eat pounds without any harm to the figure
However, experts say that excessive consumption of fiber irritate the stomach and intestine, and long to eat zero calories is bad for health. Besides the feeling of satiety due to the digestion of vegetable fibers is deceptive and temporary. It is much better to choose a balanced diet, combining it with regular physical activity and a healthy lifestyle.
Experiments with melons
In our days, the usual round and oval-shaped watermelon and melon can be easily changed. Japan has long been successfully grown melons in special glass tanks that give fruits of different forms — from the cube to the pyramid. The authors of the experiments justifies it not only from the point of view of the original aesthetics, but also practicality — square melons are easier to store in the fridge or on the table without fear that they will fall back and crack. However, melons modified form are expensive. Some of their prices reach up to $ 1,000.
Dangerous food with potatoes
Harmless and revered in Russia potatoes can be fatally poisoned. The fact that all of the vegetables in the family Solanaceae (including tomato, pepper, eggplant) contain harmful substance — solanine glycosides. It is most concentrated in leaves and shoots. In young tubers of potatoes it has about 0.05%, which is not particularly dangerous to the body (poisoning need to eat about three kilograms of potatoes). But solanine is capable of accumulate. In the spring, potatoes, especially when improper storage – (light, heat) concentration of the substance up to 150 mg per each 100 grams of tubers. Even if potatoes remove the skin and fry it up or cook, the amount of poison remains dangerously high, which leads to poisoning. The first symptom to the high content of solanine in tubers is the greenish color of the rind and pulp.
The myth about spinach
In 30 years California’s Elsie segar a cartoonist has created a popular character — a brave sailor Popeye. According to the authors, after consumption banks with spinach hero becomes incredibly strong and brave. This idea Elsie learned from medical research beginning of the 19th century, which referred to the large iron reserves in the green plant. However, modern experts deny this fact, noting the relatively modest amount of iron in spinach (approximately 3.5 mg per 100 g). It turns out that scientists of the past centuries is simply wrong to put a comma instead of 3.5 mg has 35 mg. However, the composition of this culture in addition to iron a lot of nutrients and vitamins, so in many countries spinach is considered a superfood and I try to include in your daily diet.
Under the influence of microwaves normal the grapes of solids can turn into ionized gas — plasma. You need to take some grapes, cut them in half, put on a plate, cover for safety glass and glass kitchenware and send in the microwave on medium mode (10 seconds). Experts advise not to do this experiment at home, to randomly to avoid fire.
Not a berry, and nut
The fact that melon and watermelon for biological indicators, it berries, known to many. But the strawberries as a cousin of hazel’s hard to imagine. But botanists say that the fruit of the garden Goodies is not a false berry, nut, or rather, complex nutty fruit. It is located on the receptacle. Over him and developing strawberry fruit. Typically, the nuts appear from the top of the ovary, in contrast to, for example, from the fruits of the seeds which have sunflower, dandelion, burdock.
Apple orchards johnny
In the North-East of the USA love to talk of the legend really existed, johnny Ceplene (Applesee). During the first years of the 18th century he planted in the States of Pennsylvania, Indiana, Ohio, etc. about 170 000 square kilometres of Apple orchards. Then these fruits are not particularly valued. They are more used for making cider, cake and figurines for Halloween. Thanks apples johnny managed to earn good money and provide a comfortable life for many years. He became first a gardener who has created a specialized nurseries for fruit crops.
Uses photographs Shutterstock