This is only in the tale of the Italian writer Gianni Rodari "The Adventures of Chippolino" Signor Tomato is a negative character. In fact, it is a tasty and versatile superfood with antioxidants, a lot of vitamins and minerals. But there are at least 13 objective reasons to love tomatoes and eat them as often as possible.
1. Caring for heart health
The chemicals in tomatoes are extremely good for heart health. It is believed, for example, that tomato juice helps lower the level of "bad" cholesterol and the risk of blood clots, and it also normalizes blood pressure. The thing is that red fruits are rich in potassium, choline and lycopene – the pigment responsible for the scarlet color of the vegetable.
According to scientists from the medical faculty of the University of Naples, a diet high in potassium saves you from a stroke, and a study published in the journal Advances in Nutrition hypothesizes that lycopene supports cardiovascular health.
2. Help in losing weight
Low calorie content, lack of fat and the presence of fiber – all this makes tomatoes attractive for those who want to lose weight.
These meaty vegetables also stimulate the production of the vitamin-like substance carnitine, which is thought to accelerate the burning of body fat by more than 30 percent.
3. Improving digestion
Tomatoes help improve the digestive system and liver, and also prevent constipation.
On a note!
Make a smoothie of tomatoes and spinach – both of these products gently cleanse the intestines, eliminating the delicate problems with stools.
4. Visual acuity
Tomatoes are rich not only in lycopene, but also in other carotenoids, in particular beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin. These compounds are important for maintaining eye health, as they help improve vision and reduce the risk of age-related degeneration of the retina, cataracts and other eye diseases.
The Guelph Food Research Center (Canada) presented a review confirming the benefits of a lutein and zexanthin diet for preventing age-related eye diseases. These pigments give a yellow or orange color to various products, for example, they are found in tomatoes, melon, pasta, corn, carrots, peppers, salmon and eggs.
5. Blood sugar control
Tomatoes are a good source of dietary fiber and B vitamins. They also have a low glycemic index, especially in fresh form – it slightly increases in cooked tomatoes. All this puts them in the category of products that help keep blood glucose levels under control.
A study published in the journal Diabetes Care showed that daily consumption of tomatoes positively affects the state of the redox potential of the body in patients with type 2 diabetes.
6. Protection against certain types of cancer
Tomatoes contain antioxidants (lycopene, vitamins A and C), which neutralize free radicals in the blood and reduce oxidative stress in humans. And this, in turn, contributes to the prevention of certain oncological diseases, for example, cancer of the prostate, stomach, lung and colorectal cancer.
By the way!
Studies show that the smallest amount of lycopene is found in fresh tomatoes (up to 50 mg / kg), and the largest – in ketchup (up to 140 mg / kg), dried tomatoes (up to 700 mg / kg) and tomato paste (up to 1500 mg / kg ) But more does not mean better – according to the Recommendations on the level of consumption of food and biologically active substances approved by the Chief State Sanitary Doctor of Russia, the daily intake of lycopene is 5-10 mg.
7. Sleep quality
People who regularly eat tomatoes or drink tomato juice do not know what insomnia is and wake up in the morning awake and full of energy.
Tomato juice can be good for middle-aged women. This conclusion was made by scientists who conducted a study among the fair sex aged 40-60 years – they had to drink 200 ml of unsalted tomato juice twice a day for eight weeks. The results were published in the Nutrition Journal and showed that drinking this drink really helped reduce some of the symptoms of menopause, such as anxiety, resting energy consumption, and heart rate.
8. Healthy mind
Tomatoes are rich in B vitamins, including folic acid, and therefore have a positive effect on the state of the nervous system. Studies show that drinking tomato juice reduces the risk of developing depression and neurodegenerative diseases.
Tomatoes can also protect against anemia. A large amount of ascorbic and folic acid in these fleshy fruits increases the digestibility of iron.
9. Clear, radiant skin
Eating tomatoes and tomato products will make your skin healthy and beautiful. The thing is that these vegetables are rich in natural antioxidants – vitamins A, E and C – and they are known to slow down the aging process of the skin, give it radiance and purity, retain moisture, preventing the appearance of wrinkles.
By the way!
Tomatoes are also used for cosmetic purposes. For example, in combination with avocados, they will be an excellent choice for combination skin. A mask of the pulp of both fruits is applied to the face for 20-30 minutes, and then washed off with warm water. The tomato contains natural oils that tighten pores and make the skin glow, and avocados have an antiseptic and moisturizing effect.
10. Strong bones and teeth
Tomatoes are rich in phosphorus, magnesium, potassium and calcium – all these elements are necessary for bone strength. It is also useful for maintaining healthy teeth. There are also vitamin D in tomatoes, which promotes the absorption of calcium, as well as vitamin K and lycopene, which are known to protect against the risk of osteoporosis.
Vitamin K, among other things, contributes to normal blood coagulation and wound healing.
11. Strong immunity
Seeds and pulp of tomatoes are an excellent source of lycopene, ascorbic acid, vitamins A and E, which improve the protective functions of the body.
By the way!
Increasing the concentration of vitamin C in the blood suppresses the level of stress hormones, which also strengthens the immune system. Therefore, the use of tomato juice helps to relieve stress and relieves stress.
12. Protecting the lungs from cigarette smoke
Tomatoes can reduce the harm done to the body by smoking cigarettes, as well as by inhaling tobacco smoke when second-hand smoke. The fact is that they contain coumaric and chlorogenic acids, which protect the lungs from carcinogens that are formed when inhaled cigarette smoke.
But for smokers, this will work only after the addiction has remained in the past. A study published in the European Respiratory Journal found that eating tomatoes, as well as apples and bananas, can slow lung function decline in adults, especially former smokers.
13. Hair Beauty
Tomatoes contain important nutrients such as vitamins A, C and E, as well as group B, which are excellent stimulants for healthy hair. They not only improves the appearance and texture of hair, but also contributes to their growth and strength, and also eliminates dandruff.
By the way!
Tomatoes can be a wonderful natural conditioner. They provide a natural shine to the hair and make it soft and docile. Take a few drops of tomato oil in your hand and apply it on your hair – even curly curls will be able to comb without difficulty.
Tatyana Butskaya, head of the All-Russian public movement “Council of Mothers”, author of the books “Pregnancy. Short film 9 months long ”and“ Eat for two. All About Nutrition for Pregnant Women »
7. Reasons to Love Tomatoes
Tomato is one of the most popular vegetables. To date, more than 700 varieties of tomatoes, including genetically modified ones, are known.
So, briefly about the advantages of a tomato:
1. Low calorie content. In 100 grams of this vegetable about 20 calories. Therefore, if you plan to lose weight, be sure to include tomatoes in your diet.
2. Useful composition. Tomatoes contain antioxidant vitamins E and C, B vitamins, carotene, as well as potassium, sodium, phosphorus, iron and organic acids (citric, malic).
3. Easy digestibility. These tomatoes owe a small amount of fiber.
4. Improvement of coagulation and blood formation processes.
5. Stimulation of peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract and biliary tract.
6. Diuretic effect.
7. Low content of puric and oxalic acids. This means that the tomato can be safely eaten by people suffering from gout and other joint diseases, as well as kidney diseases associated with metabolic disorders.
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