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Author: Kristen Bruno (Bruno Kristen), doctor

If you had the baby, then his appearance certainly arisen questions. In this article I will answer those that most often get as a pediatrician.

What if the child Gaza?

All newborns accumulate gases, but most of them are easy to deal with it. Flatulence in infants is usually due to swallowing air in the process of crying, which is common to all kids. Many children experience discomfort from pain caused by gases. You may notice that the baby writhes, knocking legs and crying. Parents concerned about how to make their children less “tortured in Gaza”. Here are a few tips that can help alleviate the painful symptoms associated with the accumulation of gases.

  • “Bicycle”: put the baby on his back and move his legs like he’s riding a Bicycle.
  • Stroking of the abdomen: put the baby on his stomach on a flat surface, and then gently stroking the abdomen with a hand.
  • Warming: put a warm towel or diaper on baby’s tummy (over the clothes), and then wrap it.
  • Position when feeding: during feeding, hold the baby so that the head and neck was higher than his tummy. When bottle feeding, slightly lift the lower part, to prevent the accumulation of air around the nipples.
  • Regurgitation: regurgitation is frequent in the process of feeding and after it.
  • Preparations to facilitate gas: many parents of children with problems of the accumulation of gases believe that probiotics drops “Mylicon” and gripe water ease the pain during injection of gases.

If none of the above remedies do not help, talk with your doctor about your diet if baby is breastfed, or diet, if you feed it a mixture.

How to make baby sleep at night?

When it comes to sleep, new-born babies often do not distinguish between day and night. They operate around the clock and needs as early as possible to understand that the night is time for sleeping and eating. Young parents also need rest. It is important to explain to the child the difference between day and night, so he slept between night feedings. Here’s how you can do this:

  • Daytime: open the curtains to let in the natural light. Turn on the light. Go for a walk. Talk to the baby. In the daytime the babies usually sleep up to 2 hours at a time.
  • At night: keep the darkness in the room. To provide minimum illumination when changing a diaper or feeding, use a dim light, e.g., light. When the baby wakes up to eat, first change the diaper, then wrap well and feed the child, then immediately put the child back to the place where(s) he sleeps.

Babies sleep up to 16 hours a day in short cycles of 2-3 hours. Some children sleep all night at the age of 2-4 months. It is important to remember that every child is different. A change in diet — for example, the transition with breastfeeding to the mix will not help your baby sleep through the night.

The best way to make your baby sleep for longer periods of time, is at an early stage to establish a regime and stick to it. Toddlers learn to calm down without assistance, if they are put to bed sleepy but not sleeping. In the process of laying can also help swaddling and soothing music or sounds.

How to care for a baby with dry scalp?

Crusts on the head (called dandruff in older children and adults) is dense white or yellow scaly plaque, “hot spots” which appear in the scalp, behind the ears and on the eyebrows. Researchers believe that the appearance of scabs caused by excessive oil production of the skin glands. The crusts are very common in infants aged two months and older. This condition is harmless for the baby, but often drives parents crazy. The desire to get rid of oily scales on the baby’s head becomes an ordeal for most parents. Crust can not be cured completely but can be reduced with the help of some simple home remedies. Usually the problem is solved by itself, but can be repeated in predshkola age in some children.

For the temporary relief of crusts you can:

  • RUB mineral oil, coconut oil or baby oil into the scalp of the baby, leave for 10 minutes and then rinse with shampoo and carefully clean off the flakes with a soft toothbrush or a washcloth for washing dishes.
  • Apply one of the many mild shampoos for crusts on the scalp, wait a few minutes and rinse thoroughly
  • In extreme cases, scales have a baby or dandruff older child, find out from your doctor when you can use medicated shampoos and creams.

Why is my baby crying?

Crying is a way of communication of the child. Babies cry for many reasons, and in total, most babies cry several hours a day. Crying concerned parents who want their child calmed down and was happy. When your child is crying, find out the most common causes of crying and try to solve the problem.

The most typical causes of crying: dirty diaper, gas, hunger, fatigue, the child is too hot or too cold. With all this, as a rule, very easy to handle. But sometimes parents fail to identify the causes of the crying baby. Babies are very sensitive to their environment and often the ages of 6 to 8 weeks crying for no apparent reason. They can worry about too bright, too loud dog, too high a voice, or “too vanilla” air freshener. When you took care of all the needs of the child, and he’s still crying, it’s time to calm him down. My favorite is a surefire way to calm the restless child — the technique of “5’s” developed by Dr. Harvey Karp (Harvey Karp). Key components of this method — sucking, swaddling, shushing, laying on his side and cradling.

How much should I feed my child?

Every child is unique when it comes to how much and how often(s) he eats. Children who are breastfed, eating every 1.5-4 hours and often span multiple feedings, especially at night. In the first few weeks of a baby’s life, until milk production is established and mom and baby get used to each other, it is recommended to feed babies feeding as often as they want and as much as they want . Children on artificial feeding, usually eaten by the time of discharge from the hospital at least an ounce (30 ml) of the mixture every 2-4 hours. After the first few days the majority of children receiving formula, eat 2-3 oz (60-90 ml) every 2-4 hours. And “Iskusstvennyi”, and children who are breastfed need a daily Supplement of vitamin D. Your pediatrician will tell you when to stop giving vitamin D, but plan that it will continue at least 4-6 months.

Here are some additional tips for feeding:

  • Start to feed before your baby cries. It is much easier to coax the baby to take the breast or bottle when the child is calm. Early signs of hunger — search chest, putting my hands or fists to mouth, open mouth or protruding the tongue and winding his head from side to side. Too hungry babies are hard to feed.
  • During outbreaks growth, which occur at the age of 10 days, and then about 3-4 weeks, children often eat more.
  • Newborn babies sleeping longer at night, often eat more during the day to compensate for a feeding, missed a night. Your pediatrician will tell you when it will be considered normal that at night your child sleeps more than four hours between feedings.
  • If your child is not satisfied by the end of the feeding or hungry and is hungry again after 1-2 hours, consider to increase the amount of formula in the bottle.

How to reduce the risk of SIDS?

SIDS — sudden infant death syndrome, and he was afraid of all young parents. In 2015 due to SIDS in the United States, there were about 1600 cases of sudden death of the infant, and due to accidental strangulation or suffocation in bed — another 900 cases. Most cases of death from SIDS happens between the ages of one to four months, and more than 90% of cases occur before age 6 months. Over the past 25 years, mortality due to SIDS decreased by 50% after the launch of the campaign “Back to sleep” (“Back to Sleep Campaign”). Ongoing research will contribute to improve our knowledge and strategies in SIDS.

To reduce the risk of SIDS, follow this list until your child reaches 12 months of age:

1. ALWAYS ensure the safety of the child, putting it to sleep

  • Before going to sleep always place your baby on his back
  • Don’t let the baby sleep in your bed
  • Don’t let baby sleep with other children
  • Use a crib, playpen or stroller with a firm mattress covered with a tight-fitting sheets, no pillows, blankets, protective devices for Cribs, stuffed animals and soft toys
  • Keep your child’s bed in his room, until he turns 6 months (the recommendation of the AAP — 1 year)

2. Say “no” to Smoking

  • Don’t let anyone smoke around the baby
  • Do not leave the child in the room or car where recently smoked

3. Offer a pacifier

  • Offer your baby a pacifier in the process of falling asleep. You do not need to return the pacifier in place, if the child spit it out
  • In the case of breastfeeding, offer a pacifier after the child finished eating

4. Continue breastfeeding as long as possible

5. Visit with your baby all preventive examinations and vaccinations do not miss

6. Watch the temperature

  • Do not let your child overheat
  • Maintain a comfortable temperature in the room where the child sleeps
  • Dress baby in one layer more than you normally wear themselves. Well proven sleeping bags

Becoming a parent for the first time, you can experience confusion, but don’t forget: you can always call your pediatrician.

This article was written by Kristen Bruno, M. D., a pediatrician from Purli, Pediatrics (Purely Pediatrics), clinical Association of the University of Washington, located in children’s hospital in St. Louis. Kristen received a medical degree and graduated at the school of medicine at Washington University in St. Louis children’s hospital. Dr. Bruno is a writer at MomDoc ChildrensMD.org is a godsend for parents, sponsored by children’s hospital Washington University in St. Louis. She gladly helps parents and children in the fight against illness, behavior problems or difficulties encountered during breastfeeding. She is the mother of two children.


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