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Caution: water from the cooler can be dangerous
- Beware — fake!
- What does, what does… made these bottles?
- But what about hygiene?
We did not hesitate to drink water from the cooler in the shopping malls, banking institutions, hospitals, in his office and many other public places. And some have this trendy device houses. And it seems to us that such water is, by definition, can’t be dangerous — because it is, unlike the one that flows from the tap, pure, contains no chlorine and other harmful substances. However, studies show that even water from the dispenser can cause harm to human health.
Beware — fake!
Simple man in the street will say that packaged drinking water is of two types — with gas or without gas. And, of course, everyone understands that water cooler is right for still water.
According to the current legislation of the Russian Federation of drinking water can be either the first or the highest category. Buy it, look at the label and look for information about what category the water — it will say a lot about its origins and, consequently, properties.
Drinking water the first category is allowed to obtain, even from ordinary water. But then it is filtered, then saturated with useful elements. The law imposes this product only requirements about its safe and stable preservation of a high drinking properties.
Drinking water of the highest category should be extracted from the bowels of the earth, preferably from a spring or artesian wells. Of course, the law obliges the manufacturer to assess the safety of the water, but the main requirement is that it must be useful, i.e. to provide people with minerals, essential from a biological point of view.
As shown by studies in recent years, that drinking water is often subject to fraud. And it happens not only in Russia but around the world, as the water market is a very attractive niche. For example, a few years ago for a well known company supplying to the UK stores water, which was at times worse than the one that flowed from the tap.
By the way!
In the fall of 2017 by the experts of the Russian system of quality (Roskoshestvo) was tested water 58 famous brands. And, as the results showed, not all manufacturers were honest — not always water that is taken from the stated sources. Moreover, most violations were detected in products labeled “water of the highest category.” That is, we think that buying good quality water, rich with minerals, for example, magnesium, potassium, fluorine, iodine, etc., but in reality this water may be outright fake.
What does, what does… made these bottles?
Plays an important role and something of which made Tara. Although glass and is considered the most secure material, we are all well aware that manufacturers will not use it for packaging of bottled water, because such containers are not only heavy, but quite fragile. That’s why at the moment almost everywhere for the overflow of water with a volume of 19.2 liters used polycarbonate bottles. They are much lighter and stronger than glass, can be repeatedly used, so this container and are called multi-turn. In addition, this material takes the second place on the security subject to the rules of operation of the container.
In the production of polycarbonate used raw material is bisphenol A. it is believed that accumulate in the human body, it can cause the development of various pathologies — cancer, obesity, disorders in the heart, as well as by endocrine and reproductive system.
For the first time about the dangers of this toxic material began in the United States. In the Management of sanitary supervision over the quality of medicines and products of this country were of the view that water can not durably stored in polycarbonate containers, especially when heated the bottle — then it could get bisphenol A. However, almost at the same time and the whoand the European Commission acknowledged that the substance is safe and allowed its use in the manufacture of food containers, except the one addressed to children.
Do not stay aside and Russia. For example, scientists from the research Institute of human ecology and environmental hygiene them. A. N. Sisina found that bisphenol a can stand out in the cool liquid, but when the temperature is above 60°C was observed the opposite effect. It turns out, an important condition when washing containers in production — is the observance of temperature regime.
At the same time, these same Russian scientists revealed that regardless of the temperature of the water bisphenol A leaches from polycarbonate only on the condition that the bottle is new, but it was only about the first 2-3 portions of liquid, and the quantity of the substance in it was so insignificant that could not cause harm to health. To happen, a person needs to drink about 600 liters of water daily. In any case, it turns out that the multiple use of polycarbonate containers is more of a plus than a minus.
Drinking water is often not recommended to store in the sun or near a heating duct, but bisphenol a does not have this Council nothing, simply in such cases, the liquid may “bloom” because of the appearance in it of blue-green algae. In addition, polycarbonate has a tendency to absorb odors, so in addition to the water stored in such bottles is nothing.
The comment of the expertAndrey Volkov, lawyer, detective, head of a detective Agency
In my practice there were a case where one of the companies in the cooler had been mixed with the medication, causing the stomach upset.
In my opinion, in the absence of supervision and careful handling, a water cooler can be the cause of disease, as the water attracts a variety of microorganisms.
Unsanitary if cooler use can cause intestinal diseases. In my office, live fish, and somehow came to work, I saw my employee clean tank while dumping water in the bottle from under the water. Of course, the packaging I threw away and paid the penalty for the loss. But do not every and what people are doing with these bottles before they pass, we can only guess.
For the manufacture of bottles may also be used polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETP), and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). But they can’t be used for bottling water volume of 19.2 liters.
PET containers are suitable for single use only, otherwise after about three months of use the plastic starts to secrete into the water toxins that could cause food poisoning. In addition, in such bottles to pour neither hot, nor even warm beverages — the reasons are the same. By the way, a similar effect occurs during heating of the container in the sun. In addition, the polyethylene transmits oxygen and ultraviolet light, and it degrades the quality of the drinks, especially during their prolonged storage.
In Udmurtia tested bottled water manufacturers. As the results, almost all of them bottled water, a volume of 19.2 liters in the bottle is from polycarbonate. But there were those who used PET containers with a volume of 19.2 liters. The question remains, how long it is used in the production, given that its repeated use is prohibited.
As for the PVC containers, it is believed that it is impossible to pack the products, especially the water. According to those same researchers from research Institute of human ecology and environmental hygiene them. A. N. Sisina upon heating this material, including in the sun, it starts to produce harmful to the human body of toxins.
When you purchase water you should pay attention, does not come from the smell of plastic containers. This would indicate violations of the technological process in the manufacture of bottles, or the use of low-grade raw materials. Drinking this water is dangerous to health — it can be “enriched” with harmful substances.
But what about hygiene?
Sometimes the cause of danger and can be very cooler. This happens due to improper operation of the device and unhygienic conditions. There are two important rules that everyone should know the owner of a fashionable and useful device.
Rule # 1. You need to wash butlerienes of the apparatus with plain water or with gentle detergent at least 2-3 times a day or each time you change bottles. This will prevent the accumulation of dirt on the surface of the cooler and will not allow them to penetrate further into the device.
Rule # 2. Manufacturers recommend to carry out sanitization of the cooler not less than once in two or three months. But we must understand that this procedure is paid, make it the specialists of the service centers, so many consumers are beginning to save on sanitary cleaning of the dispenser, and which can cause health problems.
What would be a clean and quality was not water, initially, incorrect operation of the cooler brings all the benefits. After passing through a non-sterile device, in your Cup the liquid comes already contaminated by microorganisms.
Review expertAlexander Nazarov, specialist in curative and mineral waters, author of books about medical mineral waters and their application, the head of the company for the production of water
The water cooler has its own characteristics. The vast majority of honest manufacturers water cooler will guarantee the customer of its complete security and strict compliance with the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation to product quality. But the manufacturer cannot guarantee the cleanliness and hygiene of the cooler or pump which is operated by the user.
Besides, it is very important the conditions in which the consumer will keep in store ordered the 19-liter bottles of water. Important storage conditions — no direct sunlight at a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees. Hot summers such conditions to survive in a standard apartment is quite difficult, and in the winter the battery is heating the water can quickly deteriorate. It is very important that the opened bottle can be stored up to 5 days in a cool place, then water can be used, only pre-boiling.
Few consumers pay attention to the fact that a cooler and pump should be regularly cleaned and disinfected. The pump must be washed, inside and out every time you replace the bottle. And at least once in two months to disinfect all surfaces in contact with water. If you feel on the surface of the dispensing tube of slimy plaque, you should immediately wash the pump. Before installing pump hands must be washed thoroughly with soap and water. Prefer pumps with built-in filter of the air supplied into the bottle when pumping. If this function is not, with the air in the bottle can easily enter and house dust, “absement” content.
With the cooler more difficult. Without special equipment to wash it inside myself will not be able. It includes circulation pump, which is repeatedly looped in a circle runs through the inner cavity and tube cooler of food concentrated citric acid, the cleansing of plaque and having a disinfecting effect. Then the inside of the cooler is sanitized with ozone using the ozonator for the final desoribed. It is important not to use non-food detergents and chlorine as they are very difficult to wash.
Such procedure on the market is worth at least 2000 rubles. And it should be carried out at least once in 2 months. Thus, cooler water is suitable only for farms that use at least 3-4 bottles of water a week, for example small offices, or large family consisting of 6 people or more. In other cases, maintenance cost of the cooler, eliminates savings from the purchase of the 19-liter bottles of water. And more profitable to look at smaller amounts of water in a disposable container, despite the fact that they are more expensive, but will save on maintenance.
It often happens that a customer orders excellent water in 19-liter bottles, but uses a dirty pump or inserts a bottle in a dirty cooler. If you drink such water for 1-2 weeks, during this time, bacteria continue to actively proliferate and when the water comes to an end, he is already drinking water, and “soup” of bacteria. For this reason, you should avoid drinking water from coolers in public places, especially if you don’t see on the front side of the device sticker with the date of its last cleaning.
Another question of safety of water from the cooler is connected with personal hygiene. If the hands of the person setting the bottle in the dispenser was dirty, the bacteria will definitely be inside — notice the bottle this person will hold it by the neck, and it comes into contact with butylpyridinium apparatus.
In addition, important is the fact how often wash their hands, those who have used the cooler every day. Because bacteria can accumulate on the surface of the handles of the taps to supply water.
Finally, recall that the containers for bottling of bottled water is reusable, so the question of hygiene needs to be relevant and in the production of such water.
Specialists of Roskontrol have researched water, including, for coolers. In the fall of 2014 has been tested the products of 14 brands. The results were stunning. Eight samples did not meet the safety requirements in Microbiology, and one of them did and found a dangerous microorganism, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This is an indication that either the water or the container was dirty.
Once again the water coolers were tested in the fall of 2016. Then, in the expertise involved products 5 product brands. Pleased with the fact that microbiological indicators in the second test did not meet security only one sample. But there is a reason for joy?
Review expertTatiana Butskaya, pediatrician, head of the public movement “mothers Board”, “fetus lawyer”
Without water man can not live! It is a widely known fact. If without food we can survive about a month without water not more than five days. Water is involved in many body processes — regulation of metabolism, food digestion, absorption and transportation of nutrients and in the excretion of harmful compounds. The daily requirement of water is about 2 liters. An individual norm is calculated by the formula: 35 grams of water per kilogram of body weight. Accordingly, a woman weighing 50 kg daily to about 1,750 grams of water, and a man weighing about 100 kilograms — 3.5 liters of fluid.
Water is important not only for the mother but for her unborn child. Thanks to it increases the total blood volume in the body of a pregnant woman, updated amniotic fluid, the nutrition of the fetus.
More recently, expectant mothers were limited in the amount of water you drink, especially for 4.5 months before birth. It was thought that amid the changes of water-salt metabolism it provokes swelling and preeclampsia (serious pregnancy complication, which can lead to death). Now, however, this point of view is revised. Today the doctors say that is the limitation in the water lead to fluid retention in the body, that is, to the swelling so he responds to the deficit.
In the first two trimesters, the number of drinking water (excluding other liquids) should be about 1.5 l in the third trimester — 1,5-2 l a Pregnant woman should replenish water in the body in the heat during exercise. Water helps avoid constipation (and they when pregnancy is unwanted) and to prevent the development of dehydration (and it is even more dangerous).
To determine whether enough a pregnant woman drinks water, you should pay attention to her pee. If it has a light yellow color, nothing to worry about, if darkened — the liquid is not enough. These recommendations apply to all future mothers, with the exception of those who have kidney problems and suffer from chronic diseases of the genitourinary system.
Periodically I’m asked a question, what kind of water is better to drink. There are a few important points.
First, water from plastic bottles requires your vigilance. As you know, plastic is not as harmless as it seems. It contains harmful substances. One of them — bisphenol a Is a synthetic analogue of the female hormone estrogen. In the case of heating of the bottle (for example, under sunlight), this substance begins to actively stand out in the water. Its content may be ten times higher than the acceptable norm, and this will agree, unsafe. Experts believe that BPA could negatively affect the hormones of a pregnant woman and to play a negative role in the formation of the fetus. That is why — call — in no case do not drink water from bottles, rested under the sun! This water is “poisoned” by chemicals from plastic. Better drink water from glass bottles or look for packaging that does not contain bisphenol A. It is labeled BFA-free, however, in recent years, and its safety is questioned.
Second, if you drink water from the cooler where the bottle is inside the device, it will be protected from sunlight. However, there arise other questions: how clean was originally not was it somewhere near a hot battery or under the scorching sun at the supplier in the warehouse. Leave these items on the conscience of companies working in this business.
Thirdly, if instead of bottled water you use tap water, make sure about the device with multi-stage filtration of water. If you are pregnant, if children do not skimp on this important item. And even better — take care of the disinfection of water using ultraviolet lamps. It’s built into some models of coolers and destroying almost 100% of bacteria.
And the last one. The temperature of the water. A cooler cooled it, and this is for anyone with chronic foci of infection (tonsillitis, otitis, adenoiditis) is fraught with risk. The cold acts as a precipitating factor, don’t forget that!
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