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For quite a long time now, the phrase “good nutrition” has been strongly associated with such products as chicken breast and buckwheat. Yes, in terms of biochemistry, these two products are almost ideal. White chicken meat carries almost no fat and about 30 grams of protein per 100 grams of breast. Buckwheat is still more interesting. This cereal, which has a number of vitamins, minerals and useful fiber in its arsenal, has the title of “queen” among other cereals.
Having appeared for the first time more than 5000 years ago in India and Nepal, buckwheat sowing spread quickly, first in Asia and later in other continents. Having got to Russia in the twelfth century from Greece (for this reason, the grits actually got the known name), it became an irreplaceable part of our diet.
According to recent studies, buckwheat has an exceptional chemical composition, which carries about 50 valuable substances for the body. In terms of protein and iron content, buckwheat is equated with red meat, which makes it indispensable in the diet of people who adhere to plant nutrition. The energy value of raw buckwheat kernels is 310 kcal per 100 g, and the energy value of cooked kernels is only 132 kcal. Complex carbohydrates (including fiber), which are part of buckwheat not only give a long sense of satiety, but also regulate the level of sugar in the blood, which reduces the likelihood of overeating, as well as is an indispensable food for people suffering from diabetes.
And a few more interesting facts:
- Eating buckwheat porridge a day gives you 10-15% of your daily potassium needs. This microelement is essential for the cardiovascular system and water-salt metabolism of the body
- buckwheat contains vitamin E, selenium microelement and phenolic acid – components of the antioxidant system. They reduce the level of free radicals that damage cell membranes, reduce the amount of cholesterol, normalize the immune system.
- In addition to the most well-known and common nucleus, there are three other varieties of buckwheat. Green buckwheat, which can be grown at home, as its grains are not subject to processing. Smolensk and slice, on the contrary, are more crushed varieties.
- By the way, green buckwheat sprouts are the most useful, because the concentration of nutrients in it is preserved to the maximum. As sprouts restore the heart and blood vessels, thereby helping people suffering from hypertension.
Despite the huge number of useful properties, you should always remember the commandments of rational nutrition and balance of nutrients. The “Queen” cereals has a unique composition and can become one of the components of your diet, but not its basis. Do not forget that it is not monodietes that lead to a qualitative result, but the balance of nutrition, physical activity and emotional health.