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Nowadays, most people are struggling with overweight. And often the decisions they make are not the most rational. Attempts to reduce the time spent on the way to the result often lead to health problems. And one of the main reasons for this is the dramatic reduction in the amount of fat in the diet. Thinners carefully study the labels on the goods and calculate the caloric value of cooked food, so as not to accidentally miss an extra gram of fat. Is it worth it? Why are we all so afraid of them, these very fats?
It is worth starting with the basics. Fats are one of the main components of nutrition, along with proteins and carbohydrates. In a living organism, fats perform a number of extremely important functions:
- Firstly, accumulating in fat cells, they create a kind of depot, from where the body can then get energy.
- Second, fats are a component of the synthesis of steroid hormones, which are involved in building muscles.
- Third, fats are, in principle, the main structural elements of all cell membranes in the body. That is, when you suddenly cut the amount of incoming fats below the necessary norm, you deprive your cells of the most important building material.
Exclusion of fats from the diet threatens to increase the brittleness of hair, nails, rashes on the skin, the appearance of dandruff, depression, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, most people do not stop the presence of this fact, because everyone is afraid of the great and terrible Cholesterol. Almost everyone knows that its accumulation leads to such consequences as obesity and atherosclerosis. This is really true. However, not everyone knows that only low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), which are called “harmful cholesterol”, are atherogenic (the tendency to develop atherosclerosis). While high-density lipoproteins (HDLs, “useful cholesterol”), on the contrary, help to dispose of cholesterol in the body. So how do you increase your HDL level in the body? The easiest way is to switch to a balanced diet in which unsaturated vegetable and animal fats are preferred.
Slimming is always directly related to health issues, so it should be approached as consciously as possible, always remembering that any severe deficiency of nutrients in the body leads to a shift in its usual functioning. Blind struggle against hated fats in the diet leads not to a slim and healthy body, but to exhaustion and mental disorders. Therefore, when changing the diet it is necessary to focus not only on the quantitative composition of nutrients, but also on their quality.