The high content of uric acid in the blood can have different causes. Methods of treatment depend on the initial cause that led to the accumulation of uric acid. Reducing the level of uric acid is crucial to avoid complications
The high content of uric acid in blood also called hyperuricemia can increase the risk of developing gout and kidney failure. If you practice different ways to uric acid in the blood decreased, it is possible to prevent the deterioration of the situation and avoid major complications.
Hyperuricemia: causes, how to treat and important tips
Uric acid is a substance that is present in the body because it is formed as the product of the exchange, when the digestive system breaks down purines. A purine-rich products such as liver, anchovies, mackerel, beer and dried beans. Most often, uric acid dissolves in the blood and enters the kidney where excreted in the urine.
Sometimes the content of uric acid in the blood can rise if the body is unable to get its urine or if the body produces too much uric acid. This abnormal condition is known as hyperuricemia (high uric acid).
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Normal uric acid level ranges from 3.0 to 7.0 mg/DL, and those who suffer from hyperuricemia, it exceeds 7.0 mg/DL.
Such a high content of uric acid in the blood requires medical observation and treatment to lower the uric acid levels to normal.
Complications due to high uric acid in the blood
One of the most common complications of hyperuricemia is gout. It is an inflammation of the joints, or arthritis which causes significant pain, who suffer and may make it unable to work.
Hyperuricemia increases risk of gout, since the uric acid accumulate in the blood, causing the formation of microscopic crystals in the jointsThese crystals can penetrate the synovial joint and cause pain, when during movement in the joint is friction.
The first symptom of gout is pain and inflammation in the big toe. However, gout can affect other parts of the body, including the ankle, heel, wrists, shoulders, pelvis, and spine. Because hyperuricemia can also occur the accumulation of toxins in the kidneys. Therefore, long-standing hyperuricemia can cause renal failure. If a dangerous condition has developed due to the high content of uric acid, the only treatment is dialysis or kidney transplantation.
Causes of increased uric acid levels in the blood
The hyperuricemia can cause of two reasons. It happens either due to the increase in uric acid caused by the breakdown of purines, or it is based on the disease. Even certain medications can cause high uric acid in the blood. For example, some chemotherapy drugs, diuretics, and drugs used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, can increase the level of uric acid.
Here are some main reasons that can lead to high levels of uric acid that accumulates in the body:
Certain medications can cause an increase in uric acid levels, and if they are prescribed for long-term use, physicians should pay attention to side effect of this medication.
Of kidney disease.
Hyperuricemia can develop when the kidneys are unable to excrete purines from the body due to various diseases or kidney damage.
Such diseases or disorders such as diabetes or acidosis can also increase the level of uric acid in the blood.
- Some of the disease.
Such pathology as preeclampsia, obesity, cirrhosis, psoriasis and hypothyroidism, can also cause hyperuricemia.
- Some of the disease.
Diseases such as Hodgkin’s disease, sickle-cell anemia and hereditary genetic disorder known as Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, also contribute to the development of hyperuricemia.
- A way of life.
Exercises contribute to the disintegration of the tissues and increase renal excretion. It can also increase the level of uric acid. Fasting or strict diets, consumption of fructose in large quantity and consumption of foods rich in purines — all of which increase the risk of developing hyperuricemia.
How to reduce uric acid in the blood
If you have found an increased content of uric acid in the blood, the doctor will prescribe you a treatment. This treatment will focus on decreasing pain using anti-inflammatory drugs, and also to eliminate the causes, which resulted in the accumulation of uric acid.
Because of the high content of uric acid can cause gout and increase the risk of formation of kidney stones and kidney failure, it is very important to combine drug therapy and General measures to maintain normal levels of uric acid in the blood.
Important tips that you should follow, if the level of uric acid in the blood increased:
Avoid foods rich in purines.
Organ meats such as liver, other meat animals, and anchovies, contain a lot of purines. Additionally, alcoholic drinks, syrups rich in fructose, refined carbohydrates (such as white bread and cakes) also enhance the production of purines. Reducing the use of these products, you can reduce the level of uric acid in the blood.
Drink plenty of fluids.
Of fluids, especially water, increases urine excretion, thus contributing to the excretion of uric acid from the body. Therefore, drinking eight to sixteen glasses of water a day can reduce the content of uric acid in the blood.
Obesity increases the risk of various diseases. Excess weight also increases the risk of developing gout. Therefore, losing weight can reduce the risk of high uric acid in the blood and the risk of gout.
- Take prescribed medication.
Doctors often prescribe the following medications: agents that encourage excretion of uric acid, xanthine oxidase inhibitors and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce the uric acid in the blood. If the assigned medication, such treatment results should be checked regularly.
The high content of uric acid in the blood can have different causes. Methods of treatment depend on the initial cause that led to the accumulation of uric acid. Reducing the level of uric acid is crucial to avoid complications.
So do not just rely on some anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain because they will provide only temporary relief because long-term effects of high uric acid levels in the blood can be life-threatening.published econet.ru.
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