Share in WhatsApp
Japanese food is the secret of the longitude of life
- What’s the secret to Japanese health?
- The main principles of the Japanese diet
- The size and number of dishes
- Typical food
- Everyday foods
- Rice dishes
- Dishes made with raw fish
- Recipes Japanese dishes
- Salmon in Japanese
- Japanese soup ramen
- Sandwiches of salmon, cucumber and avocado in Japanese style
What is the secret of the centenarians? Probably they have some special power? If we talk about the Japanese, the way it is. Their diet is radically different from the one that used most of the inhabitants of the Western world. The cuisine of this country has originality and uniqueness.
What’s the secret to Japanese health?
The Japanese are on the first place among other Nations in life expectancy. Men there live up to 86, women to 88 years. This is evidenced by data from the world Health Organization for the year 2016.
For this greater life expectancy is influenced by many factors. These include inner balance, cultivated by the philosophy of Zen Buddhism, regular practice of meditation, merging with the environment, greater commitment to the aesthetics of the surrounding world etc. All these factors are important in the aggregate. But apparently, the main role is played by nutrition. It the Japanese have a special, different from that to which people are accustomed in Western countries.
The main principles of the Japanese diet
The people of this country in your diet, prefer natural products. Food prepared in a commercial way, they have not honored the same as fast food. They attach great importance to freshness and quality of food supplies. Food long term storage they don’t use, the only exceptions are rice and sauces.
In recipes cooking food subjected to minimal heat treatment, trying to preserve its original appearance and taste.
The specifics of the cuisine of this country is the use in recipes of eating lots of fish and sea products (they occupy the second place after rice). Recall that such food contains a lot of polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 which are vital for health.
When cooked the fish and seafood are subjected to minimal thermal stress, most often they are lightly fried or steamed.
Meat (beef and pork), the Japanese began to use it later than other people, so it is used in food much less frequently than fish.
Of plants there used carrots, cucumbers, cabbage, lettuce. However, apart from these, they also consume the plants that we did not meet: the rhizome of the wasabi (“Japanese horseradish”), white radishes, which we know as daikon radish, bamboo, Lotus, sweet potato. These vegetables included in the recipes of different sauces, seasonings, garnishes. The salads are widely used ginger, pepper, dried seaweed, nutmeg, etc.
Sauces and condiments with spicy tastes of Japanese cooking (soy sauce, mustard, wasabi, rice vinegar, sauce from lemons, bitter oranges, etc.), positively influence health and provide benefits to the body. They stimulate the gastrointestinal tract and liver, stimulate the chair. They also have antibacterial properties.
The size and number of dishes
Food there is served in small portions, avoid overeating. A rich feast is characterized not by the size of servings, and a wide variety of dishes.
Food traditions differ the fact that summer is made less than in the cold season. Young people are given more food than the elderly, because they need more energy, and in the elderly due to overeating can appear a variety of diseases. Health in old age requires food restrictions.
The lunch should contain rice, soup, and two types of about five different appetizers. The main dish in local customs is set. All food is usually served on the table at the same time. Hot only serves rice, soups and some meat dishes.
An indispensable part of any meal — green tea. It is used throughout the lunch and after it.
Although the cuisine of this country there are many exotic dishes, unknown to most Europeans, still the main Foundation of everyday Japanese food is several dishes.
First of all, it’s rice. This is the main staple food in almost all Asian countries. In Japan prefer such varieties, which are characterized by improved adhesion. The finished dish of glutinous rice it turns out lumpy, because of this it is easy to eat with chopsticks. Rice to eat by itself, but is also used as a component of various dishes.
Another common product is the soy. It is a round bean beige in color and small in size. They do not apply themselves, and are used only in processed form. They make all the famous soy sauce and soy milk, soy cheese, miso paste.
Another item of everyday use — noodles, wheat and buckwheat. It is used not only for soups and side dishes, but also put in salads. One of the most popular dishes in this country is a soup ramen which is a noodle and meat (sometimes vegetable) broth.
The most popular dish of rice is gohan. To brew, take 1.5 times more water than rice. Use a low thick-walled pot, cook, closing it with a lid until the water is absorbed. The water is not salted, not put it oil. Gohan eat, sprinkled with sesame seeds.
Another dish is rice with curry sauce, vegetables and meat. Also they eat rice with egg: this hot rice mixed with raw egg and soy sauce.
Rice is consumed more thus in it add chopped scrambled eggs or slices of salted salmon. It all pour hot broth or green tea.
There is a dish like rice balls (onigiri). They can be with filling or without it. Stuffing can serve sliced salmon or tuna, slices of fried chicken with mayonnaise, pickled plums.
Also the Japanese are willing to eat a dish that resembles a pilaf (chahan fried rice). Instead of meat there often put seafood.
Dishes made with raw fish
Along with rice, in the daily diet occupy a prominent place recipes from raw fish. Heat treatment is usually not used, or use it minimally.
The most famous such dish is sushi. On the cooked rice put a piece of fish or shrimp and wrap a strip of seaweed. On top add the seafood, or eggs with vegetables. Addition to serve sushi soy sauce, mustard, wasabi, pickled ginger.
Another popular dish rolls. Rice and bits of seafood layers are placed on a sheet of seaweed, then roll it jelly roll and cut across into pieces.
Another common food — sashimi (the Japanese pronounce sashimi). In this case, thinly sliced raw squid, octopus or fish and served with white radish, cut in shreds. The dish is also served with a soy sauce and mustard wasabi.
One of the most popular soups is called misoshiru. It is a concentrated fish broth, coupled with the paste made from soy beans. In this soup you can add tofu, shiitake mushrooms, seaweed and so on.
So, the basis of the daily diet is rice, raw fish and a variety of seafood, including shellfish and seaweed. They are supplemented by very spicy seasonings and sauces, all washed down with green tea. Thanks to this food, the Japanese remain unsurpassed longevity. Of course, in their kitchen, there are plenty of other dishes, but these dishes are used daily for the construction of the cells and stimulate the body.
Recipes Japanese dishes
Salmon in Japanese
Dry 1 kg salmon fillet with paper towels. Divide into 4 portions, season with salt and pepper.
In a large preheated skillet, pour 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil. Put the fish and fry at low heat 5-6 minutes. Then gently flip it over to the other side and also fry for 5-6 minutes. Remove and allow to drain oil.
Cut into small cubes 1 cucumber and pulp of 1 avocado. Chop 7-8 green onion.
800 g of cooked rice, divide into 4 portions. Put chopped vegetables on top of rice.
Add the roasted salmon. Pour the dish with 0.5 Cup teriyaki sauce (sold in supermarkets) and sprinkle with 1 tbsp. of toasted sesame seeds. Serve.
Japanese soup ramen
Put in a bowl 0,5 kg minced pork. Stir in salt, pepper, and then knead the mince and shape of a small balls-meatballs.
In a saucepan, pour 3 cups of water. Pour 1 tablespoon of soy sauce, toss in 2 chopped cloves of garlic and 1 tbsp ginger root, grated on a fine grater. Bring it to boil.
In boiling water put the meatballs, lower the heat and cook them until tender (about 10 minutes). Then sprinkle in there is 170 g of noodles, add 1 carrot cut in fine strips and 0.5 Cup of peas. Cook a few minutes until soft noodle. The soup should be thick.
Pour it on plates and sprinkle each serving with chopped vegetables: cilantro, green onion and chili pepper.
Sandwiches of salmon, cucumber and avocado in Japanese style
Place on Board 4 pieces of whole wheat bread. Press it a little with a rolling pin.
Slices of bread grease with butter, a little before reaching the edges.
Cut into slices 100 g salted salmon and place it on slices of bread.
On top of the fish, put the vegetables: 1/2 raw carrot, cut in thin strips, and 1/2 avocado, chopped small cubes.
Sandwiches cut into portions, place on a serving Board and serve.
Take the quizCorrectly you eat?
What is your diet and diet? Take the test and find out what mistakes should take note.
Uses photographs Shutterstock