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Matcha or matcha is a special kind of green tea. This powder product is often used in the Japanese tea ceremony. It is used for preparing drinks, in cosmetology, and cooking. Matcha tea is appreciated for its unusual, slightly sweet taste, delicate foam and pleasant aroma.

In addition to the aesthetics of consumption, a bright green drink provides benefits to human health. Japanese matcha tea includes vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, fiber and other valuable substances. Matcha helps to strengthen the immune system, improve metabolism, and prevent cardiovascular and oncological diseases. The product also stimulates the brain, energizes, helps to recover faster with angina, has a beneficial effect on the skin condition and even slows down aging. It is not difficult to appreciate it, and you can learn how to prepare drinks from a powder yourself at home.

What is matcha tea

Tea in powder today has turned into a food trend. Social networks are full of photos with a bright green drink, desserts from the match and other original dishes. Exotic product is produced by special technology from leaves grown under special conditions. Preliminary preparation of raw materials gives Japanese tea a unique taste and color, preserves many nutrients in its composition.

The name “matcha” can literally be translated from Japanese as “ground tea”. The match differs from other types of green teas in a powdered state, as well as the color of the infusion after brewing. Powder filled with hot water is opaque, in shade it is closer to the color of young greenery. Healing fluid is a real vitamin-mineral cocktail.

With proper preparation, the drink is able to invigorate no worse than espresso, improve mood, strengthen immunity and even enhance weight loss. The beneficial properties of matcha tea are not limited to this list. Studies on the composition and actions of the match are still underway. But it is already known that a product from Japan slows down aging, reduces the risk of diseases, side effects during baking, improves memory, concentration, and more.

From the history of the green drink

From the history of the green drink

Matcha green tea is often called Japanese. But its history is rooted in ancient China. The "progenitor" of modern ground tea began to be produced during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The leaves in the production process were first steamed, then fried and crushed, pressed for ease of transportation. Later, in the Song Dynasty, the match brewing ceremony itself spread. It was then that the powder was not just poured with hot water, but insisted and whipped until a foam appeared. The ritual of preparing a drink has become a tradition for Zen Buddhists.

Zen Buddhism, as well as matcha tea, came to Japan thanks to the monk Eisai in 1191. The follower of Zen is also called the popularizer of tea culture. In China, interest in the match gradually faded, and in the country of the rising sun blossomed. At first, the pistachio-colored drink was consumed mainly by monks, but later representatives of other segments of the population fell in love with healing tea. At the same time, the production technology of the product was improved, perfected to the smallest detail.

Composition and properties of matcha tea

Composition and properties of matcha tea

Japanese matcha tea is a storehouse of vitamins, minerals and other beneficial substances. It consists of:

Vitamins C and A – beneficially affect the condition of the skin, strengthen the immune system.
Iron – is involved in the production of hemoglobin.
Potassium – helps maintain metabolic processes.
Proteins are the building material for the cells of the human body.
Fiber – is responsible for the normal functioning of the digestive system.
Calcium – strengthens teeth, bones.
Chlorophyll is a natural detoxifier that helps cleanse the body of toxins and poisons.

Matcha is a source of antioxidants. There are 137 times more of these substances in a drink than in plain green tea, 60 times more than in spinach, 7 times more than in dark chocolate with a high content of cocoa beans. In powdered raw materials is present 100 times more than in other types of tea, epigallocatechin. A powerful antioxidant contributes to weight loss, cancer prevention, which is scientifically confirmed.

The match contains valuable amino acids. Among them are theophylline, L-theanine. L-theanine has a complex effect on the human body. In 1999, a study was conducted in Japan, which showed that the amino acid helps to strengthen immunity, increase concentration, calm nerves, energize, and establish the process of weight loss. L-theanine also improves the condition of the skin, its color, helps to prolong youth.

How and from which Japanese matcha tea is made

How and from which Japanese matcha tea is made

The match is prepared by grinding the upper leaves of tea trees into powder. In order for the raw materials to get a bright color and preserve the maximum of useful substances, the plants in the process of growth are protected from direct sunlight. They are obscured about 20 days before harvesting with rice straw. The preparation helps enrich the leaves of the tench with amino acids that give the drink a sweetish taste. And also protection from the sun slows down the growth of plants, makes the leaves darker in color.

Matcha raw materials are collected manually, while only the top leaves are used. The crop is dried unchanged, the veins and stems are removed from the leaves, and then they are ground into powder using stone millstones. Without observing the technique, the lack of special equipment, the powder can lose in quality, taste. Matcha green tea after multi-stage processing is similar in texture to talc. Its taste is directly determined by production technology. Due to the presence of a large number of amino acids in the composition, the taste properties of matcha tea are impressive – the bouquet gets a rich, slightly sweet taste, deep aroma.

Today matcha tea is produced mainly in Japan. There are only a few areas where expensive tea varieties are created. This is the city of Uji in Kyoto Prefecture, Shizuoka Prefecture, the city of Nishio in Aichi Prefecture, the north of Kyushu Island. You can also find Chinese matcha on sale, but it is often inferior in quality to Japanese.

Popular varieties of powdered tea

Useful properties of matcha tea, taste characteristics, aroma and cost directly depend on the variety. In total, there are three main types of powder product:

Ceremonial. This variety is used in traditional tea ceremonies. For its production, only the upper tender leaves are collected. The ceremonial match has a sweet taste and intense aroma.
Premium. For this variety, the leaves are harvested after harvest for ceremonial tea. Therefore, the premium matcha turns out to be more astringent in taste and rich; there is a small bitterness in the bouquet.
Culinary. As the name implies, such tea is mainly used for culinary purposes – for the preparation of pastries, drinks. For its manufacture, leaves are used that are collected most recently – after harvesting raw materials for premium and ceremonial varieties.

There is a division into other varieties of the match. For example, kama is the darkest among other varieties. Gotcha is consumed both in pure form and mixed with other types of tea raw materials. Drakota is the lightest mixture with a slightly astringent taste. The morning variety is used for tea parties and matcha-based cocktails.

Matcha tea: benefits and harms

Matcha tea: benefits and harms

The benefits and harms of matcha tea are inextricable concepts. After all, in ancient times, doctors used to say: “In the drop is medicine, in the spoon is poison.” For the positive effect of the match on health, it is necessary to comply with the recommended rate of drink consumption. Pounded green tea should be drunk in an amount of no more than 2-3 cups per day.

First of all, when assessing the harm of a match, it must be taken into account that the powder product contains caffeine. Due to insignificant doses of the substance in the finished infusion, one does not need to expect an increase in pressure or heart rate. However, a tonic drink can affect sleep quality. Therefore, it is undesirable to drink green tea match in the evening hours, best of all – at least 6 hours before bedtime.

The usefulness of matcha tea can be found in many sources. The Japanese product is a treasury of healing substances. Its properties are proved by scientific research and confirmed by the experience of millions of tea gourmets around the world.

What is the use of matcha tea, indications for use

What is the use of matcha tea, indications for use

The match has a range of useful properties:

It enhances immunity, the product is characterized by antibacterial, antiseptic actions. Therefore, it should be used during colds.
Strengthens blood vessels. Even one cup of matcha per day improves their elasticity.
It fills with strength, gives clarity of mind, improves memory. Drink is an alternative to coffee.
Promotes the prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular system. The product lowers blood cholesterol, so it is indispensable in preventing strokes.
Increases Stamina. Therefore, the match is recommended to be included in the diet for athletes, people engaged in manual labor.
Helps relieve stress, relaxation. In Japan, matcha is often used during training sessions, other situations requiring nervous tension.
Slows down the aging process. The record number of centenarians in the land of the rising sun is associated with the use of ground tea.

The benefits of matcha tea remain unchanged if the product is stored properly. Powder welding must be isolated from moisture, sunlight. It is best to place it after opening the package in a jar with a dark glass screw cap. On average, the healing properties of matcha tea are preserved throughout the year.

What else you need to know about the benefits of matcha tea: scientific facts

What else you need to know about the benefits of matcha tea: scientific facts

The benefits of matcha tea are supported by scientific research. They were carried out to study the various properties of powdered tea leaf. First of all – anti-carcinogenic. So, in the Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, the results of a study were published that suggest that due to the presence of EGCG or epigallocatechin-3-gallate matcha in the catechins, it reduces the size of tumors in case of breast cancer. Catechins are able to destroy cancer cells, especially with cancer of the prostate, liver, skin, pancreas. The anticarcinogenic effect of the match is still being studied; additional studies are required to confirm the real effectiveness of the product.

Powdered tea is also useful for the prevention of liver diseases. Among them – cirrhosis, hepatitis, etc. The results of the work of specialists in the study of the action of matcha were published in the International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Regular use of the product extract improves the condition in patients with fatty liver. Scientists conducted research and the protective action of the mast from damage to the kidneys and liver, however, these properties of the Japanese drink also require detailed study.

What is useful tea match yet? A powder product has a positive effect on a person’s appearance. First of all, the gift of nature protects the skin from the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation. This was confirmed by research by scientists at the University of Alabama. The healing power of a drink depends on the presence of polyphenols in its composition. These same substances help maintain youthful skin, prevent the appearance of dermatological diseases.

Benefits of Slimming Match Tea

Benefits of Slimming Match Tea

Matcha tea is recommended for weight loss because it activates the metabolic process. Regular inclusion of the infusion in the menu will help to feel lightness in the body, increase tone. Subject to the principles of a healthy diet, control over the daily calorie intake, physical activity and the use of matcha, weight loss will not take long.

Studies have been conducted to evaluate the benefits of matcha tea for weight loss. The results of one of them were published back in 1999 in the American Journal of Clinical Dietetics. They confirmed that matcha enhances thermogenesis up to 43%. That is, a powder drink stimulates an increase in daily energy expenditures, and hence, calorie consumption. Another study, conducted in 2008, showed that the Japanese product activates the oxidation of fats during moderate-intensity workouts.

To reduce weight, ground tea is recommended to be used in its pure form, without the addition of sweeteners. The caloric content of the powder itself is minimal – 1 kcal per 100 g. If sugar, fat milk or honey are not included in the drink, the tonic infusion will be an excellent alternative to plain tea or coffee. You can drink matcha tea for weight loss daily. To enhance the effect, it is worth adding cinnamon or other favorite spices with a thermogenic effect to the drink in the absence of contraindications to their use.

Contraindications to the use of matcha tea

Like any product, matcha tea can be beneficial and harmful. Before you get acquainted with tea, you need to consider that matcha is a product with a rich composition. Therefore, its effect on the body can be both positive and negative. In order to avoid a deterioration in well-being, it is necessary to start drinking drinks or products from the match from small portions.

The main contraindications to the use of ground tea:

Individual intolerance to the product.
Diseases of the stomach, duodenal ulcer.
Pregnancy, the period of breastfeeding.
Early childhood.
Iron-deficiency anemia.
Cardiovascular diseases.

It is worth consulting with your doctor about the use of the match when taking a number of drugs. These include antibiotics, birth control, antidepressants, antidiabetic drugs. Matcha can affect the effect of taking such medications. It is also not recommended to drink powdered tea on an empty stomach. When using the match on an empty stomach, you may experience stomach pain, nausea.

Another confirmation that matcha tea gives both benefit and harm lies in the possible lead content in the leaves of tench. When drinking a heavy metal can penetrate the human body. To reduce the risk, it is necessary not to exceed the recommended daily dose of matcha – drink no more than 2-3 cups per day. It is best to give preference to organic tea, powdered in powder. Such a product is collected in ecologically clean areas.

How to make matcha tea

How to make matcha tea

Powdered tea is an indispensable "guest" of Japanese tea ceremonies. Any fan of Asian traditions knows how to make matcha tea. If you follow all the rules, then for brewing you will need a whole set of items. The main ones are a bamboo chasen brush for stirring, a sieve for sifting, a glass for measuring liquid and powder, a measuring spoon of chiasac. A teapot is not needed for making the infusion, and the whisk can be replaced with a blender.

To figure out how to brew match tea correctly, you first need to remember that in no case should raw materials be poured with boiling water. High temperature will kill the healing properties, taste and aroma of the infusion. When preparing a match, it is necessary to monitor the temperature of the water. This is most conveniently done using dummies with a control function. But you can do it easier – let the liquid cool after boiling for 5-7 minutes. The optimum temperature for pouring the tea leaves is 70-80 degrees Celsius.

Before cooking portions of the match, the bowl or mug is preheated, wiped from moisture. In order to understand how to make matcha tea, it is not necessary to use all the necessary utensils and appliances. But ideally for the ceremony, you should use porcelain and ceramic bowls.

How to brew match tea

How to brew match tea

In order to learn how to make matcha tea, you need to familiarize yourself not only with the rules for choosing the temperature of the water to get the infusion. Matcha can be brewed in two ways:

Strong or koytya. To brew a cup of tea using 4 g of powder and 50 ml of water. The consistency of the infusion is thick, similar to sour cream or honey. The mass is carefully mixed to remove lumps and thick along the edges of the dishes. Traditionally, more expensive varieties of matcha are chosen for Koitia, which is due to its sweet taste, rich color.
Weak or lacking. To prepare one serving use 70 ml of water and 2 g of tea leaves. Harvesting can be whisked with a whisk to a state of foam, and use without it. A weak infusion is lighter than the coyte, there are also differences in taste – it is a bit bitter.

Понять, как правильно заваривать чай матча, можно как раз по критерию крепости настоя. В среднем из 40 г порошка получается всего 10 чашек крепкого напитка койтя или 20 усутя, слабого. Усутя больше всего подходит для повседневного употребления. Тогда как койтя используют исключительно в чайных церемониях. Оба вида маття подают к столу без сахара. Для получения максимальной пользы от напитка выпивать его нужно вместе с осевшей на дне заваркой.

Прежде чем решить для себя, как правильно заваривать чай матча, нужно учесть, что крепость настоя определяет его вкус. Чем слабее напиток, тем четче ощущается горечь. А густой маття традиционно более сладкий.

Секреты употребления напитка

Зеленый чай матча традиционно подают с утра, поскольку этот напиток способствует пробуждению. Можно употреблять маття и в другое время суток, однако во избежание проблем с засыпанием стоит исключить чаепития за 3-4 часа до сна. Пить настой нужно сразу после приготовления, иначе порошок попросту осядет на дне чашки.

И приготовление, и употребление японского чая матча является своеобразным ритуалом. Настоящие чайные гурманы знают, что маття не подслащивают, не разбавляют сливками или молоком. Исключить нужно и любые другие добавки к жидкости. Тем не менее, порошок зеленого чая при сочетании с молоком получает интересный вкус. Не зря сегодня так популярен матча-латте. Для напитка используют кокосовое, соевое и любое другое молоко, подсластители.

В стране восходящего солнца матча обычно подают после сладостей. По правилам чайной церемонии, пить зеленый чай необходимо в тихом, спокойном месте. Чашу со свежеприготовленным настоем следует перед употреблением напитка немного подержать в ладонях, насладиться ароматом жидкости. И лишь потом можно приступать к знакомству со вкусом маття, медленно смакуя каждый глоток.

Правила выбора зеленого чая матча

Правила выбора зеленого чая матча

Как уже говорилось, свойства чая матча и цена определяются сортом порошкового продукта. Разновидности маття необходимо выбирать с учетом поставленной цели – будь то кулинарные эксперименты, желание удивить близких знанием тонкостей чайной церемонии или просто любовь к качественному напитку.

Существуют общие правила выбора растертого чая. В первую очередь необходимо обращать внимание на цвет сырья. Он должен быть ярко-зеленым, по оттенку ближе к фисташковому цвету. Более светлый оттенок может говорить о нарушении технологии заготовки сырья или его хранения. А значит, и польза чая матча при несоблюдении тонкостей производства будет незначительной.

Покупать маття лучше в прозрачной упаковке или на развес, чтобы можно было оценить качество помола и цвет. На этикетке обязательно должно быть указано место производства продукта. В идеале нужно выбирать настоящий японский порошковый чай. В составе не должно присутствовать никаких посторонних добавок – красителей, ароматизаторов и т.д. И, наконец, необходимо обратить внимание на стоимость экзотического чая. Матча не может быть дешевым, средняя цена 100 г на 2019 год составляет около 1000 руб.

Как применяют чай матча в косметологии, питании

Как применяют чай матча в косметологии, питании

Порошок маття часто используется в кулинарии. Это популярная составляющая японских сладостей. Полезный чай добавляют в йогурты, пирожные, пудинги, конфеты, муссы, печенье и даже мороженое. Но присутствовать он может и в составе вторых, первых блюд. Например, в кашах. В питание матча также вводят как основу для различных напитков. На Западе, как и в Японии, из зеленой пудры делают кофе латте, коктейли с фруктами и молоком, некоторые виды алкоголя.

После изучения полезных свойства чая матча, в Северной Америке проснулся небывалый интерес к азиатскому продукту. В университете Колорадо в 2003 году было проведено исследование, показавшее, что растертые в пудру чайные листья содержат в 137 раз больше антиоксиданта EGCG, чем в других видах зеленого чая. Поэтому там порошок используют при производстве мюсли, энергетических батончиков и другой продукции сегмента здорового питания.

А еще маття применяют в косметологии. Чаще всего порошок добавляют в состав масок для ухода за кожей лица, различные косметические средства. Для поддержания красоты и молодости кожных покровов можно использовать даже простой осадок, оставшийся на дне после заваривания и употребления чая. Эта гуща хорошо увлажняет, дарит сияние, помогает разгладить мелкие морщины.

Выводы:

Растертый чай матча не имеет аналогов. Всего одна чашка напитка заменит 10 порций обычного зеленого чая по полезному действию на организм человека. Маття дарит долголетие, укрепляет иммунную защиту, помогает сохранить ясность ума, повысить концентрацию внимания. Целебный настой способствует похудению, улучшению метаболизма. Этот продукт благотворно влияет на состояние кожи, десен, зубов.

На вопрос, чем полезен чай матча, ответить несложно. Порошковый продукт высокого качества – ключ к здоровью, стройности, красоте и молодости. Регулярное употребления крепкого или слабого настоя поможет улучшить самочувствие каждого человека. Помимо пользы для организма, ярко-зеленый напиток дарит и наслаждение, способствует достижению гармонии душой и телом.

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