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How to cheat the buyers of food



lifestyle, nutrition
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How to cheat the buyers of food
The contents

  • Health: what foods are beneficial and physiological
  • Food: how to cheat
    • Inaccurate drawings
  • The psychology of the buyer: the instrument on which you can play
    • “Cunning” lettering

We constantly buy food, but sometimes find themselves dissatisfied with their quality. How is it that we buy goods that does not match our expectations? This happens largely due to the fact that manufacturers manipulate consumer psychology and encourage people to purchase goods that they do not need. What we must first pay attention not to allow to mislead yourself?

Health: what foods are beneficial and physiological

Our body needs natural food. Our digestive system formed during many centuries, is natural foods. The last 50 years, when food additives are used on an industrial scale, compared with the time of human existence is a grain of sand. That’s why our body perceives as foreign supplements alien elements.

Chemical components present in the food, harmful to health. They hardly displayed or never displayed, settling in the organs and clogging up the body. So spoiled health, diseases.

The contradiction between requirements, which makes the health, and the desire of business to increase profits, seems unsolvable. After all increasing profits is the essence of business, without this it goes bust.

How to resolve this contradiction? The regulatory authorities regularly carry out inspections, but manufacturers find ways around the bans. To prevent them to do it, we, the consumers, must become more attentive. If we want to maintain health, we need to carefully choose the product that we put in the basket.

Food: how to cheat

According to the results of inspections of food only a third of them meet the requirements that apply to this technical regulations. What tricks most often used by the manufacturers to induce buyers to purchase the product? Here they are:

  • the lack of label information on chemical food additives used in the product
  • withholding from the consumer a natural replacement of milk fat with palm oil, the use of starch,etc.,
  • the replacement of meat or other cheaper raw materials (e.g. vegetable protein),
  • the saturation of the product additional moisture to increase weight


Inaccurate drawings

For marketers the psychology of buyers — studied area. In their Arsenal there are many opportunities for the introduction of consumer confusion. For example, take pictures on the packaging. They are obliged to inform the buyer that it contains. And really?

Now very common “unobtrusive” copy of drawings that we know on the packaging of well-known food products. For example, condensed milk. Many manufacturers virtually replicate blue geometric pattern on the jar, known to us since Soviet times. However, the manufacturers make it not quite the same but very similar, copied the overall image. And in fact, it’s a completely different food product that often is not natural, although disguised as GOST-ovsky condensed milk.

The same can be seen on the packaging of spreads. It shows the stall of the cow and flowering meadows. In fact, these spreads have nothing to do with butter, but made from palm. The packaging can even be written in large letters “GOST”. But this is not the standard butter, and standard spread.

Another way of introducing buyers the wrong image of what is actually in the product does not contain. For example, yoghurts are often drawn tasty strawberries, blueberries, cherries, etc. But if you read the composition in yogurt are not the berries, but only the flavors that mimic their scent.

Does not remain aloof and trade. She also needs a profit. Therefore, it contributes to misinformation of customers, we are repeating the labels and price tags data given by manufacturers even if the goods are packaged and Packed directly in the shop.

The psychology of the buyer: the instrument on which you can play

Sometimes the falsification can be detected only in laboratory conditions. However, there are lots of tricks and techniques, with which producers affect the psychology of buyers. The marketing departments are staffed with qualified professionals who are good psychologists. They develop strategies for “relatively honest obtaining money” from the public, trying to make the fraud was veiled.

Here are the most common of these tricks:

  • very small font writing, which is very difficult to read; typically, this font write the actual name of the food product (“cheese product”, “cheese product”), its ingredients,etc.,
  • marking of the goods specified in hard-to-reach place, for example, at the bottom of the bottle, or in adjacent folds of the packaging
  • change the name of the ingredient in this way. to make it look more “noble” (instead of soy protein write “vegetable protein” instead of palm oil to write “vegetable oil”, etc.)
  • a very common technique: reducing the weight or volume of the goods, such as sugar and cereals instead of pound packages of package for 900 g; the same applies to milk: it is bottled in packages of 900 ml, instead of making them liter, as was customary.

Behind this lies a thorough knowledge of the psychology of most consumers. Many buyers pay attention to it? One of them will find where is the fine print, but still suffer to read? For most of them the main thing — to buy a product and go to feed the family. As a result, only the unit carefully read the product.

“Cunning” lettering

There are other tricks, for example based on the attempts of unfair competition. In particular, on bottles of vegetable oil write: “contains No cholesterol”. But plant foods in any case don’t have it, it is found only in food of animal origin. However, such an inscription might affect the choice of some buyers. It is a ploy to get people to buy the product. All of this work of marketing, manipulating the psychology of the consumer.

Further, a number of manufacturers give their product a made-up name similar with the name of famous products, won the recognition of consumers. For example, take “doctor’s” sausage. The sausage with the same name is a registered trademark with a well-defined GOST, which it is obliged to comply.

What do some manufacturers? Call their products “doctor’s darling”. The word “Doctor” write big, and the word “favorite” — small, different font. Human psychology is such that he trusts the familiar names, so an inattentive consumer would buy it. And then be disappointed because the “doctor’s favorite” sausage can radically differ from the well-known GOST-ovsky.

Or another example. Cookies called oatmeal. But if you read, it in the first place is wheat flour, and oatmeal is on the penultimate place. This means that there it is available in very small quantities. The same applies to the so-called “strawberry” or “blueberry” yogurt, “farm” or “Kremlin” to spread, etc.

One can cite many examples of consumer fraud (if not outright fraud, overt misrepresentation). What can I say? Only advise buyers to be careful to read the information placed on the labels. This will help to at least partially protect themselves from market manipulation.

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What to eat for lunch people from different countries



nutrition, lifestyle, editor’s choice
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What to eat for lunch people from different countries
The contents

  • 1. USA
  • 2. Brazil
  • 3. France
  • 4. China
  • 5. Germany
  • 6. Iceland
  • 7. Spain
  • 8. India
  • 9. Denmark
  • 10. Japan

If you have a bad day, fixing this can only be a delicious lunch! Than treated yourself “white collar” and not only in different countries of the world? And what food do “charges” and makes it easier to wait until the end of the day?

1. USA

Most companies in the United States of America tea and coffee are served for free. And there is a hidden meaning. Thus, employers encourage their employees to eat on the spot, without leaving the building. People eat, not looking up from his work taken from home food or order lunch directly to the office. In the second case, the meal delivery service will bring a salad, a sandwich with lean meats or fish, a small bag of chips or cookies app. As drinking soda.

2. Brazil

Passionate and romantic Brazilians at lunchtime prefer not to sit still, and to leave his office. They are sent to the restaurants of self-service à quilo. There are huge cupboard racks, which are the food of choice. Everyone can choose the dish which he likes more. It is noteworthy that will have to pay only for the weight on the plate, no matter what’s on it. This can be rice, fries, vegetables or black beans, but in addition a large variety of side dishes.

3. France

A great tradition exists in France. According to the local legislation, the employer must return the employee to 80% of the cost of Lunches. In practice, every employee receives receipts for meals within five Euro or a little more, which he can pay the restaurant or diner. If the “catering” office employee is not satisfied, for the same money he can buy groceries and prepare meals at home, then take it with you to the office. “Catering” has to offer a hungry worker a plate of seafood, a slice of cheese (or cheese sandwich on a fresh baguette) and a drink.

It’s fun!

Studies have shown that to maintain a person’s creative potential, he needs to eat outside of the office, and beyond. Way out to lunch, involving some time spent in nature can be used to find solutions to any problems more easily.

4. China

More recently, in China the workers took with them a home-cooked meal, but many companies have started to deny doing it, as the national cuisine of China has a strong odor. Fortunately, the problem was easily solved. The Chinese no matter where is the main thing, the fact that — for lunch.

Chewing people can be found in any Park or just sitting on the pavement at office buildings, people can take food in the car or lunch in the diner or cafe. If a person chooses lunch catering will offer a main dish (in the composition necessarily mean the rice), then soup or salad. In the end — a hot drink with dessert.

5. Germany

Pedantic Germans choose a wholesome and nutritious lunch to feel full of energy in the second half of the day. Common order — potatoes with meat or vegetables, and sometimes fried sausages with spicy sauce and a serving of vegetables. Some employees, for example, Americans order food directly to the office. It can be pizza, various sandwiches, and pasta. All tasty and satisfying.

6. Iceland

In the country of glaciers and volcanoes workhorses rely on seafood. How else, after all, about a third of industry revenues that comes from fishing and fish processing. One of the options for lunch can be sulfikar is salted fish. First, cover the fish thoroughly with salt, then leave for a few days, so she got soaked. Salt is then scraped and boiled fish. In restaurants it is served with potatoes and bread or “Italian style” with cherry tomatoes and olives. If the fish is tired, it is possible to order the potatoes with the meat.


Some people believe that the work during the lunch break allows them early to finish things and to go home soon. But practice shows that it is not so! Man needs a lunch break and if he does not get it, productivity decreases.

7. Spain

La comida — the so-called lunch meal in Spain. It is planned, usually at 14-16.00. At this time everyone wants to have the option to choose one or several hearty and nutritious meals at the nearest point of a public catering. Start with a meal made with something easy — for example, hot first course or salad. Followed by a meat or fish dish — seafood ragout, or “pride of Spain” paella. At the end — dessert, traditional pastries or sweet fruits.

8. India

In India since the late nineteenth century there is a system for delivery of hot Lunches, called dabbawala. It is so unique that she became interested in the leading business schools in the world, and employees of this system became famous. The gist of it is that in the morning more than 5 thousand people take freshly cooked food from homes and restaurants and delivered on bicycles to offices and businesses. All food placed in metal containers (in order). One such container may pass through the hands of 4-5 “couriers” to get there in time. Depending on the preferences of the client, the contents of the container may vary — rice and spicy meat curry of braised vegetables and legumes, a thick soup of lentils, tortilla, chapatti and vegetables. All definitely Indian flavored sauces and complemented with warm ghee — national “Superfoods”.

9. Denmark

The Kingdom of Denmark is bordered by the Baltic and North seas, so it is no wonder that doing for fish and seafood. In the outlets of this country is dominated by dishes based on fish. One of the most popular — smorrebrod. It is an open sandwich made with slices of rye bread, thinly sliced cheese and fish and fresh greens. More sophisticated his options may be multilayer structures of smoked eel with watercress and fried or marinated herring with boiled egg and onion rings. The people of this country know how to make hearty sandwiches. Serve them on a plate and eat with a fork and knife.


The oldest lunch in the world is shellfish. Archaeological excavations show that people ate them more than 150 thousand years ago.

10. Japan

The land of the Rising Sun we owed Bento — convenient boxes with multiple compartments for food packaging. In Russia they are more famous under the name of the lunchboxes. Depending on personal preference, workers of offices and businesses of Japan, put them in a main dish — usually rice, extra — portion of salad or fruit. If you bring food from home do not want “white collar” can go to the ramen restaurant, which at every step. Their distinctive feature is the long landing, sitting behind which you can watch as the chef carries out orders — prepares noodle soup for the guest.

Review expertValeria Barchenko, head of the medical center

Perfect meal for a person watching their weight or trying to lose weight must vary in the range of 350-450 calories. If for you the definition of a calorie is a difficult task, you can go the other way — to determine the weight “by eye”. So, the amount of meat or fish dishes should not be greater than the size of your palm. To meat or fish, you can add 1-2 tablespoons of dry cereal (porridge) and vegetables in unlimited quantities without adding mayonnaise or sour cream.

If you have a goal to lose weight, it is necessary to refuse from fried meat or fish dishes in favor of steamed, boiled, baked options.

In fact, the perfect lunch is a plate, which can be divided into 2 parts: the first half is equal parts meat/fish and grits and the other half vegetables. Supplement can serve as a vegetable soup or broth, and bread made of bran, or rye, fresh juice, green tea or Cup of coffee.

Sample menu of dinners for the week:


  • vegetable soup in vegetable broth (200 ml),
  • cutlet of meat, poultry,
  • Greek salad with olive oil and lemon juice (100 g),
  • half of the slices of bread with cereals,
  • citrus juice (200 ml).


  • broth-based chicken (200 ml),
  • boiled chicken breast (100 g),
  • the fresh vegetable salad (tomatoes + cucumbers + bell pepper; dressing — vegetable oil) (100g),
  • rye bread
  • tea with ginger.


  • cold beetroot soup (200g),
  • boiled meat chicken/Turkey (100 g),
  • vegetable salad (100 g),
  • the bread with cereals (30 g),
  • tomato juice without added salt.


  • ear (200 ml),
  • cod, steamed (100 g),
  • slice of rye bread,
  • the seaweed salad (100 g),
  • compote of dried fruits without sugar.


  • hash without adding the sausage and potatoes (200ml),
  • chicken cutlet (100 g),
  • braised eggplant/zucchini (100 g),
  • the bread with cereals (30 g),
  • green tea.


  • chicken broth (200 ml),
  • braised with mushrooms and beans (100 g),
  • rye bread
  • coffee.


  • pea soup on vegetable broth (200 ml),
  • the fresh vegetable salad (100 g),
  • baked stuffed fish (100g),
  • toasted rye bread
  • compote of apples.

Review expertAnna Chaikina, dietitian

For many the ideal lunch is a soup? Is it really so? No! Soup is not nourishing food. The main ingredient in soup is water. The feeling of satiety from soup to give fats and oils added during cooking.

Really hearty meal is a protein + side dish + vegetables. Soups — this is our tradition, but to satiety, it is irrelevant.

The feeling of hunger after a bowl of soup you begin to experience after 1-1. 5 hours. But OK after a full meal hunger occurs within 3-4 hours.

Feeling of fullness give proteins: meat, fish, seafood, and carbohydrates: cereals, pasta, potatoes. Fresh vegetables provide volume at low calorie, you can eat a lot of them, they will give you a feeling of fullness. The effect is approximately the same as that from soup.

Before it was taken there for lunch the first, second and compote. And the food was thrice before. This, again, is the tradition of our past that are not currently supported by world nutrition.

Now recognized as a healthy meals. And lunch may consist of one dish and a salad. You can focus on the Mediterranean diet, which is recognized as the most balanced. A portion of rice with fish or meat, large plate of fresh vegetables. And soups can be left for Breakfast as they do in Europe.

Review expertof Rukhsana V. Neupokoeva, doctor of higher category, doctor-nutritionist, cardiologist

A perfect lunch — with a hearty and rich meal. Best lunch time — from 13 to 17 hours.

When planning your meals it is important to remember that lunch needs to be more dinner. It is important to note that giving preference to food in a cafe or restaurant, we can’t control the composition and quality of food.

Health choose meat and fish dishes in boiled or baked form, do not use fatty and salty sauces. The best principle for lunch — protein + complex carbohydrates + vegetables + healthy fats in one dish. The proportion of such a dinner are selected individually, depending on the condition.

  • Protein for lunch: meat, poultry, fish and seafood.
  • Complex carbohydrates: all bread (not more than 50 g a day), pasta, potatoes, cereals.
  • Vegetables can be any, portability.
  • Healthy fats: vegetable oils, nuts, avocado, sour cream 10-15%, yogurt for salad dressings.

Maintain variety in the diet, alternating by days types of products. For women: protein 90-120 g., complex carbohydrates — 100-120 g, depending on physical activity, vegetables, 200-300 g.

Men: protein — 100-150 g, carbs — 120-150 grams of vegetables and 200-300 g.

Examples of a hearty lunch:

  • Beefchickenfish, baked potatoes and vegetable salad with vegetable oil and nuts.
  • Soup meat on the secondary broth with bread, beefchickenfish with vegetable salad.

Take the quizCorrectly you eat?
What is your diet and diet? Take the test and find out what mistakes should take note.

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TEST for the presence of VENOSTASIS


We recommend you to pay attention to self testing vinastas and its results. The photo is really quite informative.

Put your hands in the parietal bone. Make your palms the bones of the skull. The maximum slide the scalp to the center and feel under the fingers, the size of the pleat You’ve formed. The thickness of the fingers collected under the tissue shows the presence and magnitude of the problem. Ideally, folds or redundant tissue in General should not be formed. If the bony part of Your skull will be extra swollen tissue and their boundaries are clearly defined, then it is a sign of swelling, with which to work.

What is venastat


From the course of anatomy is well known that the brain floats in CSF — cerebrospinal (spinal) fluid, whereby its weight is reduced from 1400 to 100 grams. It protects it from contact with the skull with vigorous head movements.


Since this fluid is in constant motion, updating, its a part needs to drain into a common lymphatic system.



However, in cases of family or lifetime injury outflow pathway is blocked because of damage to shift the position of all structures of the skull.


So very often, the skull, closing during the passage of the birth canal, then opens correctly, which can lead not only to the changing Nature intended shape of the skull, but also to the violation of the outflow of fluids — venous stasis.




Venosta can also be triggered by birth trauma when ablitiy neck of the baby by the umbilical cord, or lifetime injuries.


But birth trauma is not necessarily a terrible diagnosis, leading to the threat to the life or health of the child. Minimal damage at birth (according to statistics) are very common. In our days it has become a daily occurrence and is present in more than 98% of the births.


So, do not think that the problems of venostasis You just do not touch with a greater probability we can assume that the presence of swelling or pastoznost face was caused by this symptom.


In the presence of venous stasis of the cerebrospinal fluid begins to accumulate in the cranial cavity, increasing in volume. “Floor” seeping from the roof of the skull, it starts to go numb first, in the frontal part, and then in the tissues of the eyes, leading to swelling and growth of the eye hernias.


Swelling of the scalp parietal area



Distribution of venostasis on frontal area



Bags and hernias under eyes



Thanks to special methods of work with venostasin You will be able to resist the provocateurs swelling. Using special massagers, aim to make your plate as far as possible a smooth and even relaxing its spiral massage.published econet.ru.

Angina – happily frustrated myocardial infarction


Quite paradoxically, in our time, in many cases, heart disease fighting these diseases from the beginning is doomed to failure only because these diseases are mistakenly diagnosed as angina.

Myocardial infarction and angina almost exhaust the concept of coronary heart disease. The difference between these two kinds, as they say in the pathogenesis between those (and only those!), how long and totally occludes the coronary artery embolus. If the embolus is small and during the time to 20 30 minutes the body manages by itself or coronary means (validol, nitroglycerine) to push an embolus in one of the smaller vessels, we are dealing with angina. If the embolus is large enough and using nitroglycerin fails to push it through the coronary artery for 20 to 30 minutes, then we are dealing with a myocardial infarction; after 6 — 8 hours increased by a few days the body temperature, and real help can be expected, according to modern views, only fibrinolitikov, resolving embolus.



Myocardial infarction and Angina



The resulting difference between angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, is the largest damage to attack damage.


  • Angina are clogged with the embolus and, eventually, killed one of the smaller vessels and damage to the myocardium is insignificant.
  • Myocardial infarction sealed with embolus to the coronary artery and damage to the myocardium is so great that can have disastrous consequences for the organism.


Angina does not have a prolonged course. Long flowing strokes — this is myocardial infarction. Chronic angina can not be.




Angina is happily not an established myocardial infarction. But a warning — the next attack may be myocardial infarction.


Outstanding bass Evgeny Nesterenko in the newspaper “Trud” reported that the future academician I. P. Pavlov in his youth after the presentation of “Boris Godunov” by Mussorgsky said that in the death scene of Boris is given a clinically accurate picture of death from angina pectoris (angina).


Indeed, the picture of death is clinically precise, but not from angina, and myocardial infarction. Angina does not die.


The fight against coronary heart disease (embolism of the coronary arteries) is sent on release of the coronary artery from embolus in the shortest possible time. Usually strive to expand the coronary artery to dissolve the embolus, but if it fails to make quickly, then it should be a long, difficult and usually incomplete liquidation of consequences of the disease.


Every attack coronary heart disease can be either angina or myocardial infarction.


Angina does not transform and does not end with a heart attack. Although many authors write that 1/3 of cases of angina pectoris ends with myocardial infarction.


Ends with angina only angina pectoris, myocardial infarction — myocardial infarction.




Specific instruction manuals usually indicate that if the angina is delayed, prolonged oxygen starvation of the myocardium may lead to myocardial infarction. These guidelines are deeply flawed. If the attack is delayed, it was from the outset myocardial infarction, not angina.


In connection with angina pectoris are given conflicting advice (and explain them), in what position should the patient be in during an attack: vertical or horizontal. Often referred to junk in the horizontal position, the outflow of blood from the lower extremities and a corresponding increase in the inflow of blood to the heart, increases the load on the myocardium.


The most important thing during a seizure is more likely to vacate coronary artery from embolus. And this requires a vertical position of the patient or a sitting position, as in horizontal position receives the advantage of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system, which contributes to narrowing of the coronary arteries. It is necessary, first and foremost, worry about the expansion of the coronary arteries. Patients usually themselves instinctively sits up in bed, keeping my feet or even up to facilitate the attack.


The advantage of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system, the main representative of which is the vagus nerve (vagus), which is manifested in the narrowing of the coronary arteries at the position of a man lying down, leads to the fact that the attacks of coronary heart disease more often at night (“night — Kingdom of the vagus nerve”).


Quite paradoxically, in our time, in many cases, heart disease fighting these diseases from the beginning is doomed to failure only because these diseases are mistakenly diagnosed as angina.


Angina (angina pectoris) is characterized by pain behind the breastbone or in the region of the heart, sometimes in epigastralgia region. This is the main diagnostic feature of angina.


Pain angina squeezing, pressing, sometimes just a feeling of tightness, pressure, sometimes burning sensation. The pain is paroxysmal, ie, have a fairly clear beginning and end. Pain of moderate intensity. Duration of pain — minutes, rarely up to half an hour.


The name of the disease comes from the Greek words “stenos” narrow, cramped and “kardia” — heart.


From among the processes leading to coronary heart disease, we excluded spasms of the coronary arteries. But in application to of angina this issue requires further consideration. Here we are dealing with old and firmly established misconceptions widespread, misconceptions “multi-story”, i.e. including when errors are layered on one another, misconceptions, unfortunately, often associated with a reputable name.


In specific guidelines, as a rule, it is said that when angina occurs a reflex (involuntary, automatic) effects on spastic coronary arteries in the skin and lung in the cold, have stomach when diseases (gastrocardiac syndrome), the gallbladder (cholecysto coronary syndrome Botkin).


It is reported that the viscero-coronary angina be 30.7% of the total incidence of angina.


Indicate clear dependence of stenokardicheskie pain in the heart from acute foci of irritatie (irritation) on the part of the gastrointestinal tract (often with cholecystitis) in 1/3 of patients with angina, etc., etc.


Moreover, all such arguments are erroneous in the sense that the spasm of coronary arteries in General and is not characteristic of angina is not fundamentally can be based on natural “spastic effect”, but only in spasms, caused by the artificial introduction into the body of chemicals.


These provisions are proved in the present work for the first time, the authors of special works of these provisions was not known and admitted their errors can be considered as quite natural.


But in all specific guidelines they say it is a reflex spastic effect on the coronary arteries, based on the irritation of going to the heart branches of the vagus nerve due to irritation of branches of the vagus nerve in the other visceral (internal) organ.


Fortunately for the people, nature has taken care that this very common idea is not true.


Hard to imagine what would happen to humanity if any disease of the stomach, liver or intestines automatically (reflex) caused disease all other (or at least part of) the internal organs, including the heart.


Suffice it to recall that the vast majority of patients with cholecystitis and other visceral diseases never had any episodes that resemble stenokardicheskie. The reflex effects on visceral organs can exist only selectively among individuals, the reflex path all the same.


The spread of this “double-Decker” error contributed to the actual observation similar to angina effects on the heart cold, cold wind, inflammation of the gallbladder.


In rare (aortic aneurysm, diaphragmatic herniation) or funny (overflow of the stomach with food, flatulence intestines) cases, we can speak of mechanical compression of the heart and its vessels from the outside, but not on angina, but the pain stenokardicheskie type.


In most cases, is administered to a invalid drug of chemicals or mixing with angina pain, reminiscent of stenokardicheskie but relapses caused by acquired heart diseases and other heart diseases.


Thus, the influence of the cold, cold wind on your heart when you got defects due to the direct influence of cold on the blood vessels of the lung (small) circle of blood Circulation and strengthening of hypertension in these vessels due to their cooling and contraction. Pain in this case is very similar to stenokardicheskie.


With acquired valvular heart disease any increase of load on it, including the inevitable increased burden in diseases of the internal organs (according to the teachings of H. Selye), is not accompanied by adequate increase of blood circulation heart that causes pain similar to stenokardicheskie.


To distinguish pain similar to stenokardicheskie, in acquired heart defects from genuine angina is usually is not difficult. This helps us shown above, the idea of angina as a short-term option of embolism of the coronary arteries.


Pain in acquired heart defects typically are reduced by merely reducing the load (stop when driving, etc.).


In true angina there is no reduction of the load to the relief of an attack does not, because the blood supply to the heart at inadequate and alone (an embolus in the coronary artery!).


The termination of angina is associated only with the displacement of the embolus of the coronary artery in one of the smaller vessels of the heart, and not with reducing load.


It’s a shame that a special manual is incorrectly oriented doctors, indicating the possibility of relief of angina attacks by reducing the stress.


All specific guidelines given as the following symptoms: during an attack there is often a radiating (spreading) of pain in the left arm, left shoulder blade, left shoulder, left hand fingers, rarely in the neck or lower jaw on the left. This is a consequence of compression of the enlarged left atrium left subclavian artery in Association with a stagnant overflow of the left atrium.


And again we have to talk about common cardiac mistake. These pains are not characteristic of angina, which is not accompanied by left atrial enlargement. Angina is of short duration and left atrial enlargement — long-flowing process of compensation of acquired heart defects.


The combination of chronic pain in heart and left arm, left shoulder, etc. helps you immediately diagnose acquired malformation of the left heart left atrial enlargement, but not angina. And acquired heart diseases are mainly rheumatic in nature and require completely different treatment.


Moreover, it is inappropriate to speak about pain in left arm, left shoulder blade, etc. after the stroke, because after the stroke work of the heart is indistinguishable from that which was observed before the attack.


The literature describes “atypical” and rare myocardial infarction, the cause of which is not a violation of the blood supply to the myocardium due to blockage of a coronary artery, and the change, according to the cardiology, metabolic processes in the myocardium. Professor A. L. Myasnikov called necrotic foci this type of myocardial infarction “nekoronarogennye”, ie, its origin is not associated with blockage of the coronary arteries.


If “normal” myocardial infarction is characterized by sharp pain behind the breastbone or in the region of the heart, not addressed by validol and nitroglycerin, “atypical” myocardial infarction is characterized painless for and severe shortness of breath. In this case we are dealing with a cardiac error.


In fact, if the necrotic lesion was not formed from the sudden blockage of a coronary artery, the cause is not in the vessels of the myocardium, not in their defects. Such a violation of the blood supply to the heart muscle, leading to necrosis, can only give acquired heart disease.


It is very important that these “atypical”, “noncoronary” heart attacks are not heart attacks. Myocardial ischemia, accompanied by small focal necrosis in severe forms of acquired heart diseases, and myocardial ischemia with a focus of necrosis in myocardial infarction is not the same disease. The first — a disease of the heart, the second — a disease of its arteries.


Myocardial infarction, in principle, only coronarienne, i.e. necessarily associated with blockage of the coronary arteries.


We must give up wandering from one special of the manual in other language, explaining the sharp pain in myocardial infarction nedookislennye accumulation of substances in the myocardium and the corresponding reaction of nerve endings. Usually add that a pain response warns about possible necrosis of the myocardium. This wording is far from the truth.


Even the necrosis of the myocardium does not give a pain response without the blockage of coronary arteries. Pain response in myocardial infarction gives tension blood pressure clogged coronary artery embolus.


The author allows himself to declare that painless myocardial infarction, in principle, does not happen.


This conclusion the author has made on the basis of accumulated medicine facts about the vegetative mechanisms of pain and pain of the visceral organs, the study which gave a lot of time and effort Professor G. N. Kassil.


In severe acquired heart defects the loss of fibers in the myocardium (necrosis) begins a few hours after the onset of tangible ischemia (severe dyspnea). In such cases, often the diagnosis: a severe form of angina pectoris, turning into a small focal myocardial infarction.


Such examples have been described in the literature. This diagnosis is not a word of truth. It’s not angina is not a heart attack, and can’t go to angina, myocardial infarction, and myocardial infarction to be small.


Among the authentic, coronarogenic myocardial infarction include myocardial infarction with localized pain in the epigastric region. Here we are dealing with blockage of the coronary artery in the distal her Department, or simultaneous embolism of one of the arteries of the celiac trunk and the coronary arteries with a predominance of painful effects in the arteries of the celiac trunk.


In conclusion, the diagnosis of angina is based on patient complaints, as objective examination does not detect any discernible pathology. After the attack changes characteristic of myocardial ischemia on the electrocardiogram is not recorded. Angina is not accompanied by the development of necrotic lesions in the muscle of the heart body temperature after an attack is not increased, leukocytosis in the peripheral blood is missing.


If to speak absolutely precisely, on angina should say: ischemia minor, there are no recorded necrotic foci.


Dear reader, we have considered a large number of cardiac failures associated with myocardial infarction and angina. However, a perspicacious reader would understand that “supply” these errors have not been exhausted. A lot of mistakes accumulated cardiology for many years.


The author sees the only future is to continue the investigation.published econet.ru.

Chapter from the book M. ja. Zholondz “heart attack and angina begins… in the lungs!”

Animal fat: the dangerous visceral fat and what to do?


I think many will agree with me if I say that belly fat is ugly, for both women and men. But few people know that this is not just aesthetically pleasing, but also dangerous for your health. If you have every year a growing belly, and you think this is a feature of your figure, it’s possible you have cause for serious examination. What you think it is just fatty deposits, is likely visceral fat.


Visceral fat is internal fat, consisting of brown fat cells, which are located in the abdominal cavity and envelop the internal organs. Visceral fat has a protective function in the body and protects internal organs from external influences.


Subcutaneous and visceral fat: what’s the difference


There is some level of visceral fat in the human body for its normal functioning. On average, a person with a normal BMI, amount of visceral fat should be about 10%, and subcutaneous fat – 90%. But visceral fat tends to increase in volume when you maintain poor lifestyle, abundance in the diet and poor physical activity.



What is dangerous visceral fat


Visceral fat is an active substance involved in certain metabolic processes of the body. Visceral fat secretes hormones that affect many systems of the human body. In fact, he performs the function of any endocrine glands – glands of internal secretion.


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The composition of visceral fat is composed of many active substances that actively influence all areas of our body. That is why in large quantities it is dangerous to health and even human life.


Excess visceral fat causes diseases such as:


  • Diabetes of the 2nd type

  • Myocardial infarction

  • Stroke

  • Varicose veins

  • Thrombosis

  • Cancer

  • Hormonal disorders

  • Metabolic syndrome


I want to note that obesity is this type typical for both men and women. Very often we encounter today men with big bellies. They affectionately call it “beer belly”. And for good reason. Beer is known detrimental effect on the male hormone testosterone which prevents the male obesity. Therefore, men are less likely to be overweight.


But this applies only to those in whom the level of this hormone is high enough. Visceral fat blocks the release of this hormone. That is why a man starts even faster to gain weight, with all the ensuing consequences.


What is the difference in visceral fat from subcutaneous

Subcutaneous fat is at all. It helps us to have a back-up reserves in cases of lack of energy for body functions and in cases increasing the activity of the person. As the saying goes “While the thick dries, thin will die”.


That is, our body needs fat. He is keeping us warm and provide the body with the necessary energy. This stock is constantly updated. But if it is not used at the right time, the inventory becomes in excess of. But subcutaneous fat is not as dangerous as visceral. Subcutaneous fat is not involved in the internal processes of the body. Although, of course, in the body fat constantly the process of metabolism, fat digestion, water metabolism, etc.


In addition, subcutaneous fat can be removed with the help of plastic surgery. It is on the surface. And internal fat can not be removed. At least as far as I know, such operations not yet carried out. The most important discovery for scientists in this area was that after the test removed the part of subcutaneous fat, any improvements in health status were found. So he not plays a crucial role.


Scientists argue that the tendency to accumulate visceral fat is a credit to the genes. But, we know many examples when people went against their genes and achieved brilliant results.



How to determine the level of visceral fat


If you have a shape pear-shaped, that is, possess large hips, but relatively small waist, it is likely that visceral fat you have. Although this does not apply to men. If a man has a similar shape, it is an occasion to reflect on whether you have hormonal disorders. If you have a figure in the shape of an Apple, that is a big belly and thin, disproportionate limbs, it is likely that you have excess internal fat.


Your weight by itself cannot answer the question, how much subcutaneous fat you have, and how much visceral. The most accurate number will tell you doctor after a complete examination by a special technology. I will not go into details of this technology. Everyone is their own. Besides, I’m not strong in medical terms.


To find out if you have internal obesity you can own. But these measures are superficial and do not always meet the real situation.


The easiest way to measure the waist. The norm for women to 88 cm For men, 94 cm

Or, you can make calculations of the ratio: Measure your waist and hips (the widest part of the hips) and divide the waist circumference to the circumference of the hips. The resulting factor will show you the deviation from the norm. For women it is over 0,80 for men — in excess of 0.95.


Another easy way is tactile. Try out finger to compress the abdomen in the navel area. If you have to do it – congratulations. You are out of risk zone. If the density of the belly is too big – it can be an indicator of internal obesity.



How to get rid of visceral fat


To get rid of internal fat, you will not have to spend money to visit a plastic surgeon, cosmetologist or a massage therapist. Moreover, you generally have to cut their financial costs. First of all, food. Yes, that’s what I want to say. You will have to lose weight. Unless of course you want to live happily ever after.


First, you will need to reduce fatty foods. Especially animal fats. But this does not apply to omega-3 fatty acids.


Secondly, you need to exclude or to begin to reduce the consumption of simple carbohydrates is all sweet and flour, that getting into our bodies in excess is converted into fat. There is no secret. Correct and balanced nutrition and you will begin not only to lose weight, but also lose the inner fat.



How to prevent an increase in visceral fat


First of all, to prevent an increase in internal fat, should pay attention to those who are genetically predisposed to it. If your relatives suffer from obesity, heart complications, or vascular disease, diabetes, this is the first bell in order to think about their health. Genes can be defeated is a fact.


To prevent obesity you need to eat well. This means that proteins, fats and carbohydrates must act in your body in the correct proportions. And this means that simple carbohydrates and unsaturated fats should make up only a tiny fraction of your diet, not the bulk of it.


And of course, physical activity. Work your muscles, and cardiac muscles depends on your activity. Constantly work on these muscles, so they can do their job of fat burning and metabolism in good faith. Just give your body some time and attention, and he will answer you in return.published econet.ru.

If you have any questions, ask here

P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption – together we change the world! © econet

Unusual ingredients for smoothies


Here are a few unusual, but no less useful ingredients you can add to your smoothies!

A smoothie is an instant refreshing drink that gives a feeling of satiety and has a great taste. Sometimes people use smoothies for the use of products in which our body needs but cannot boast of a pleasant taste if you eat them separately. We encourage you to add to a smoothie, the following ingredients.

Green tea is a source of catechins and antioxidants. This is a truly useful product. Studies show that drinking green tea reduces the risk of developing pancreatic cancer by 50%. It also reduces the risk of developing other cancers. Green tea helps fight heart disease and stroke, conducted in 2011 research proved that this product markedly lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood. It is best to add to smoothies matcha tea, both in powder and in ready-brewed beverage.

Collagen is produced in the body naturally and is responsible for elasticity of our skin. He is also responsible for the health of hair, nails, muscles and bones. Enjoy all the benefits of collagen produced in powder form, complementing it with ingredients containing vitamin D or A.

Seaweed contains a large amount of fiber and just full of useful minerals and trace elements. This product improves the condition of the intestine and helps you feel full. Don’t let the aroma of this sea of vegetation to overpower the taste of your smoothie, using no more than a teaspoon of powder of brown seaweed, red seaweed flakes or soaked in water dried seaweed.

Some of these products can be purchased at iHerb tab with food!


This article was written by staff writer iHerb.

13 remedies to treat cold and flu based on natural components


doctor Eric Madrid

In this article:

  • Prevention of the disease
  • Traditional methods of treatment
  • Remedies based on natural ingredients
  • Herbal supplements
  • Conclusion

 The common cold is one of the varieties of infections of the upper respiratory tract with which the person most frequently encounters in his life. According to scientists, the common cold, people can call more than 220 different viruses. After getting the virus in the body until the first signs of the disease usually takes one to three days. The average duration of the common cold is seven days, but in some cases it can last for several weeks. The same virus is never infect a person twice and although of cold medicine does not exist, there are ways that will prevent the development of infection.

More dangerous than the flu is the flu. Sick with the flu every year millions of people around the world. In immunocompromised people (for example, patients with diabetes, cancer and pulmonary diseases, as well as in the elderly) the flu can sometimes lead to death. Death can occur as a result of the accession of secondary bacterial infection e.g. pneumonia, aided by a weakened immune system.

Prevention of the disease

Prevention is indeed the best medicine, and this is especially true when it comes to colds and flu. There are several ways that will help to keep the body healthy and thereby to resist infection:

Diet: eat nutritious food, rich in fruits and vegetables of different colors. They are a source of antioxidants that protect the body and support the immune system in good shape, which is important for fighting off viruses and bacteria.

Hand washing: frequent hand washing with antibacterial soap in warm and even hot water is the most effective way to prevent the spread of the virus. Also, to avoid contamination, do not RUB your eyes and nose with his hands. There always must be a quality disinfectant for the hands.

Avoid contact with sick people: if possible, try not to be in the same room with sick people. If this is not possible, provide aeration to reduce the concentration of microbes in the inhaled air.

Cough or sneeze into sleeve or elbow if you are sick and not on the palm. Ask others if they get sick, to do the same.

Sleep: to maintain the optimum performance of the immune system requires adequate sleep. A study conducted in 2016, and published in the journal “American medical Association” (JAMA) showed that sleep duration less than 6 hours increases the risk of Contracting a cold.

Traditional methods of treatment


Antihistamines can help minimize the symptoms of colds, at least for the first few days. Data mokranowski review research for 2014 suggests that “antihistamine drugs have limited short-term (one to two days of treatment) a favorable effect on the severity of the manifestations of common symptoms, but not have a long action.” Despite this, doctors often recommend taking antihistamines. These include:

  • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) – a common OTC antihistamine usually causes drowsiness;
  • Loratadine (claritin), Fexofenadine (Allegra) or cetirizine (zyrtec) – antihistamines without sedative effects.

Cough syrups

  • Dextromethorphan (delsym, Robitussin, etc.);
  • Cough syrup with promethazine;
  • Sometimes, by prescription, syrup can be added to soft drugs – codeine. For some, particularly for children, it can be dangerous.

Pain medication

Designed to treat headaches and body aches that are common symptoms of severe cold.

  • Acetaminophen (tylenol, paracetamol) helps with a short reception. In the case of prolonged use increases the load on the liver and reduces the level of oxidant – glutathione.
  • NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) – ibuprofen (motrin, Advil), naproxen (aliv, naprosyn) and celecoxib (celebrex). Help in applying during several days. However, according to the Federal Department of sanitary inspection behind quality of foodstuff and medicines USA (FDA), prolonged use increases the risk of developing kidney disease, acute cardiovascular disease and strokes.

Antivirals for treatment of influenza

  • The drugs zanamivir (relenza) or oseltamivir (Tamiflu), if their application was started within 48 hours after the first signs of the disease, compared with placebo, reducing the duration of flu symptoms by only one day. The cost of Tamiflu is up to 150 dollars.

Influenza vaccination

  • Influenza vaccination may be most effective for patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes and lung disease. Center for control and prevention of diseases of the USA recommends vaccination against the flu from 6 months of life. Regarding flu vaccination, consult your doctor.

Remedies based on natural ingredients

To reduce the symptoms of colds and flu there are many natural vitamins and herbs which have been studied for many years.

Lozenges with zinc: zinc is the mineral. Numerous studies have shown the effectiveness of zinc as a means of preventing colds. Study 2016, which was published in the “British journal of clinical pharmacology” showed that “patients with the common cold can be recommended to take lozenges with zinc,” while the results of the study 2017 “patients with the flu are advised to take products containing zinc acetate for 24 hours after the first symptoms.”

It is recommended to start taking lozenges with zinc immediately after infection. You should store this important mineral Supplement in the home medicine Cabinet as quickly as possible to begin her admission after the first symptoms. Another study conducted in 2017 showed that zinc gluconate and zinc acetate are equally effective. Recommended dosage: lozenges with zinc 30 mg, as indicated on the label.

Vitamin C: for decades, doctors recommend to take vitamin C or ascorbic acid for the prevention of colds. Unlike other species of living beings, a person has the mutation, because of which our body can’t synthesize ascorbic acid. A study conducted in 2014 showed that compared to placebos (sugar pills) vitamin C may reduce the risk of colds, and reduce its duration. Other studies have shown that the probable benefits of vitamin C for the prevention of colds is higher in people who are exposed to “physical stress”. However, more research is needed. Recommended dose: 500 mg to 2000 mg per day.

Vitamin D: low levels of vitamin D, which most often occurs in winter, associated with an increased risk of Contracting a cold or flu. Optimization of vitamin D intake and taking “sun baths” can be good ways to prevent infection. Recommended dose: vitamin D 2,000 to 5,000 IU per day.

Probiotics: it has been proven that probiotics are effective for prevention of upper respiratory tract infections and, apparently, are a promising treatment for chronic sinusitis. Study 2015, published in Khranovska review of the research showed that children who took probiotics, with less probability, been sick with upper respiratory infections and needed antibiotics and missed school compared with those who did not take probiotics.

In addition, research 2016, published in the popular journal Allergy showed that intranasal introduction of probiotics may be effective in the treatment of chronic sinusitis. There are many researches which confirm the importance of a healthy intestinal flora, in particular, and for overall health. Evidence obtained in the study by 2017, demonstrate that “the violation of the intestinal microflora increases the risk of development of diseases of the paranasal sinuses and inflammation in the nasal passages”. Recommended dose: 5-60 billion units of probiotics a day.

Lactoferrin: according to studies, lactoferrin is a protein that has both antibacterial and antifungal properties. This protein is usually isolated from the tissues of sinus cavities, and it can be effective in patients with frequent upper respiratory tract infections. Recommended dose: 300 mg per day.

Honey: cough is a frequent symptom of infections of the upper respiratory tract. For many important problem is the effectiveness and safety of children’s cough syrups. The use of honey has become a popular method of treatment of cough in children and is recommended by family doctors and pediatricians. A study conducted in 2017, have shown that honey relieves daytime and nighttime coughs in children with colds.

In 2016, the journal “American Academy of family physicians” published an article in which Dr. Grogan reported that the use of honey in patients aged one year to 18 years may reduce the frequency and severity of cough, and improve sleep patients and parents, compared with placebo or no treatment.

Herbal supplements

Herbal supplements play an important role in the treatment of symptoms of the common cold in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Ayurvedic medicine. Listed below are the supplements, effective in the treatment of viral respiratory infections.

Astragalus membranaceus: used as an herbal Supplement for over 2000 years, is adaptogena, immune stimulant and is believed to help prevent the development of infections of the upper respiratory tract. In TCM it is often used in the training with other herbs. A study conducted in 2013 in children with chronic kidney disease, showed that the plant reduces the likelihood of disease cold. More research is needed. Recommended dose: Astragalus 500 to 1000 mg a day.

Elderberry: (Sambucus nigra L.) is historically used by many indigenous cultures to treat upper respiratory tract infections. A study conducted in 2016, showed that the use of elderberry by passengers significantly reduced the duration and severity of cold symptoms. Studies also show that elderberry has antiviral activity against influenza virus. Recommended dose: elderberry 600-900 mg per day.

Echinacea: Echinacea is used for almost 2,000 years. In a study conducted in 2016, and published in the journal “Integrated approach for the average health worker”, it is reported that Echinacea can be effective in the prevention of colds. Other studies have shown similar results. Echinacea is often brewed as a tea or applied in the form of supplements. Recommended dose: Echinacea 400 mg once or twice a day

Garlic: we all know that garlic can scare away vampires and your future spouse, but if he can cope with the cold virus? The active ingredient in garlic is Allium sativum (allium sativum). The study 2001 was attended by 146 people. One half the volunteers were given a Supplement containing garlic, the second half of a pill containing sugar (a placebo). After the 12-week study, the author concluded that volunteers in the active treatment group is less likely to have sick with a cold and recovered faster from her. Volunteers who took a placebo, are more likely to have sick with the flu more than once during the study. “Hallucinogenia Supplement (garlic) can prevent infection with the virus cold.”

The recent review of the 2014 assessed several studies. It was found that existing evidence of the effectiveness of garlic is not enough, more research is needed. Side effects of garlic have been identified. Recommended dose: garlic 100 mg per day.

Andrographis: is a herbal Supplement, which is native to India. Widely used in Asia. A study in 2004 demonstrates the effectiveness of plants to treat symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections. In addition, a 2010 double-blind, placebo-controlled study showed that compared with placebo, Andrographis significantly more effective in reducing symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection. Recommended dose: Andrographis 300-400 mg up to 3 times a day.

Herbal teas: nothing relieves like a Cup of hot tea, which helps to minimize the symptoms of respiratory infection. These teas include peppermint tea, ginger tea, Echinacea and many others. Learn more about medicinal teas.

Essential oils: according to a study in 2011 to relieve the symptoms of colds it is recommended to use essential oils of rosemary, peppermint and eucalyptus. They also help with flu symptoms. They can be applied using a diffuser or applied directly to the skin of the chest.


Infection of pathogenic viruses can cause colds and the flu with a fatal outcome. To date, the medicines from these infections does not exist. However, there are measures to preventing infection, reducing symptoms and strengthening the immune system. Some cold remedies are pharmaceutical drugs, while others, including herbal supplements used for millennia traditional Chinese, Ayurvedic medicine and holistic medical practices, and are nowadays used all over the world. The search for more natural ways of dealing with diseases rediscovers the wisdom of our ancestors. Regardless of preference in the choice of means, if respiratory infection symptoms do not improve within a few days, seek help from a qualified medical professional in order to ensure no more serious infections. Wish you happiness and good health!


  • Prather AA, Leung CW. Association of Insufficient Sleep With Respiratory Infection Among Adults in the United States. JAMA internal medicine. 2016;176(6):850-852. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.0787.
  • Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jan 29;(11):CD009345. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009345.pub2.
  • Hemilä, H., Petrus, E. J., Fitzgerald, J. T., and Prasad, A. (2016) Zinc acetate lozenges for treating the common cold: an individual patient data meta-analysis. Br J Clin Pharmacol, 82: 1393-1398. doi: 10.1111/bcp.13057.
  • Hemilä H, Fitzgerald JT, Petrus EJ, Prasad A. Zinc Acetate Lozenges May Improve the Recovery Rate of Common Cold Patients: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 2017;4(2):ofx059. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofx059.
  • Johnston CS, Barkyoumb GM, Schumacher SS. Vitamin C Supplementation Slightly Improves Physical Activity Levels and Reduces Cold Incidence in Men with Marginal Vitamin C Status: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2014;6(7):2572-2583. doi:10.3390/nu6072572.
  • Hao Q, Dong B, Wu T. Probiotics for preventing acute upper respiratory tract infections. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD006895. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006895.pub3
  • Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2016 Nov 1;30(6):202-205. doi: 10.2500/ajra.2016.30.4372
  • Vickery TW, Ramakrishnan VR. Bacterial Pathogens and the Microbiome Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2017 Feb;50(1):29-47. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2016.08.004.
  • Psaltis, A. J., Wormald, P.-J., Ha, K. R. and Tan, L. W. (2008), Reduced Levels of Lactoferrin in Biofilm-Associated Chronic Rhinosinusitis. The Laryngoscope, 118: 895-901. doi:10.1097/MLG.0b013e31816381d4
  • Am Fam Physician. 2016 Jul 1;94(1):20-1. Honey for Acute Cough in Children. Grogan SP, Egitto EA.
  • Ou Z C, Su G, Wu Y, Lu F, Mao W, Liu X. Astragalus in the Prevention of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection in Children with Nephrotic Syndrome: Evidence-Based Clinical Practice. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM. 2013;2013:352130. doi:10.1155/2013/352130.
  • Krawitz C, Mraheil MA, Stein M, et al. The Inhibitory activity of a standardized elderberry liquid extract against clinically-relevant human respiratory bacterial pathogens and influenza A and B viruses. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2011;11:16. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-11-16.
  • Ross SM. Echinacea purpurea: A Proprietary Extract of Echinacea purpurea Is Shown to be Safe and Effective in the Prevention of the Common Cold. Holist Nurs Pract. 2016 Jan-Feb;30(1):54-7. doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000130.
  • Lissiman E, Bhasale AL, Cohen M. Garlic for the common cold. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews2014, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD006206. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006206.pub4.
  • Schwalfenberg G. Vitamin D for influenza. Canadian Family Physician. 2015;61(6):507.
  • Joanna Thompson Coon, Edzard Ernst Andrographis paniculata in the Treatment of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy, Planta Med 2004; 70(4): 293-298 ]
  • Saxena RC, Singh R, Kumar P, et. Al A randomized double blind placebo controlled clinical evaluation of extract of Andrographis paniculata (KalmCold) in patients with uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infection.
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  • The author of this article — doctor Eric Madrid, a member of the American Council on integrative and holistic medicine, certified American Board of family medicine and the American Council on integrative and holistic medicine. He is the author of “the purpose of the vitamin D, the healing energy of the sun.” Eric Madrid graduated from medical school at Ohio State University. He is a partner of Rancho Family Medical Group and is accepting patients in Menifee, California. More information about Dr. Madrid here.

    Use S-adenosyl-methionine (SAMe) for health


    One of the very interesting effects of many natural compounds is their ability as a single agent to exert a beneficial effect on a wide range of health conditions. One of the best examples of substances causing a “pleiotropic” effect is S-adenosylmethionine, also known by the acronym the SAMe. Our body can produce SAMe as coenzyme Q10, carnitine, alpha lipoic acid and many other useful substances contained in food additives. But sometimes it does not produce a sufficient amount of the substance. In this situation it can be of great help and food additives.

    A beneficial effect of supplementation of SAMe is very extensive, as SAMe plays an important role in many metabolic processes. Currently, the SAMe as a dietary Supplement used for four main purposes: the treatment of depression, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia and liver disorders.

    What is SAMe and what is he doing?

    SAMe is produced in the body by combining the essential amino acid methionine with adenosyl triphosphate (ATP). B12 and folic acid are also involved in the development of SAMe, so the deficiency of these nutrients can lead to an insufficient amount generated by SAMe.

    SAMe is involved in over 40 biochemical reactions that occur in the body. He works closely with folic acid and vitamin B12 in reactions of “methylation”. Methylation is the process of adding one carbon units (methyl groups) to another molecule. SAMe is many times more effective transfers the methyl group than the other donors of the specified group. Methylation reactions are critical in the development of many body components, especially brain chemicals, as well as in the reactions of detoxification.

    SAMe is also required in the development of all sulfur containing compounds in the human body, including glutathione and various sulfur-containing cartilage components such as chondroitin sulfate.

    SAMe with depression:

    Based on the results of clinical studies we can assume that the SAMe is perhaps the most effective natural antidepressant. Indeed, in these SAMe studies demonstrated better results than conventional antidepressants and caused fewer side effects. In addition to a generalized counter depression, SAMe is also quite effective at eliminating post-partum depression (after pregnancy), decreases anxiety and alleviates depression associated with the detoxification and rehabilitation of drug use. It is believed that the admission of the SAMe patients with depression can improve your mood due to the following properties of this substance:

    • increasing the level of serotonin, dopamine and phosphatidylserine;
    • improved binding of neurotransmitters to the receptor sites, which causes increased serotonin and dopamine activity;
    • the increase of membrane fluidity and improving the functioning of brain cells.

    Numerous double-blind studies showed significant superiority of SAMe over placebo in improving mood. It also compares favorably with conventional antidepressants, in terms of efficacy and much better tolerated. Recent studies of treating depression using the SAMe show that it can be used with inhibitors of serotonin reuptake (SSRI) such as prozac, zoloft, paxil, etc. In a double-blind, randomized clinical trial lasting six weeks 73 patients with depression did not react to the SSRI drugs, receive 800 mg SAMe or a placebo twice a day along with their SSRI drugs. The reaction on a scale of depression of Hamilton and indicators of remission was higher in patients who were treated with SAMe (respectively, 36.1% and 25.8 per cent), compared with patients who were given placebo (respectively of 17.6% and 11.7%). Side effects were similar in the groups SAMe and placebo. These results indicate that the SAMe may be safely used together with SSRIs and have a synergistic effect.

    SAMe and fibromyalgia:

    Fibromyalgia is a common cause of chronic pain in the musculoskeletal system, depression and fatigue. At least four clinical studies have shown that SAMe has shown excellent results in the treatment of patients suffering from fibromyalgia. Marked improvement was reflected in a significant reduction in the number of trigger points and painful areas and improve moods. It seems that the SAMe has become a very important addition to the treatment of these patients.

    SAMe and liver disease:

    It has been proven that SAMe is quite useful in the treatment of several liver diseases, including liver cirrhosis, Gilbert syndrome (defined below) and liver damage as a result of taking oral contraceptives. The advantages of this substance are connected with its functions as the main donor of methyl groups in the liver and stimulator of detoxification reactions.

    One of the key functions of SAMe in the liver is inactivation of estrogens. Clinical studies have shown that SAMe is quite useful in protecting the liver from damage and improving liver function in conditions of excess estrogen, namely with the use of oral contraceptives, pregnancy and premenstrual syndrome.

    It has been proven that SAMe is quite useful in the treatment of Gilbert syndrome — common syndrome characterized by a chronically elevated serum bilirubin level (1.2 to 3.0 mg/DL). Previously this disease was considered rare but is now known that it affects 5% of the population as a whole. The disease is usually asymptomatic, although some patients complain of loss of appetite, malaise and fatigue (typical symptoms of impaired liver function). SAMe supplementation causes a significant decrease in the level of serum bilirubin in patients with Gilbert’s syndrome.

    It was also demonstrated that the SAMe benefit in the treatment of more severe liver disease, including cirrhosis.

    SAMe and Osteoarthritis:

    SAMe has also demonstrated impressive results in the treatment of osteoarthritis. The lack of SAMe in the tissues of the joints, as well as the deficiency of glucosamine, leads to loss of the cartilage of its gelatinous structure and shock absorbing properties. As a result, may develop a degeneration of cartilage and osteoarthritis.

    In General, the SAMe was subjected to detailed clinical studies involving a total of 21 524 patients. In these SAMe studies showed a reduction in pain and clinical symptoms with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, indomethacin, naproxen and piroxicam. While the use of these drugs carries significant risk of toxicity, side effects, and actual promotion of the disease process in osteoarthritis, SAMe provides similar benefits without the risk and side effects.

    Special mention deserve two studies. We are talking about studies of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee and significant degeneration of the cartilage. They effect SAMe (1200 mg/day.) compared with the impact of medication nabumetone (Relafen, 1000 mg/day.) and celecoxib (celebrex, 200 mg/day). In the first study it was found that SAMe is as effective in decreasing pain intensity from baseline as nabumeton. This conclusion is made on estimates of patient and physician, as well as index scores for the functioning of the joint. In the study, where the SAMe were compared with Celebrex, he showed slower onset of action. However, he was found equally effective as celecoxib, but without the side effects.

    Given the known risks of significant side effects when using these drugs for the treatment of arthritis, the results of these new studies provide additional evidence that a natural approach, which focuses on improved nutrition to joint tissues is more rational.

    Using The SAMe

    SAMe is usually recommended in a dosage of 200-400 mg twice a day. As a rule, SAMe is very well tolerated. In oral administration of SAMe was not reported any significant adverse effects other than occasional nausea and gastrointestinal disorders. It is believed that SAMe is safe during pregnancy and lactation.

    There are no data on the interaction of other drugs with SAMe, however, individuals with bipolar (manic) depression can take SAMe only under strict medical supervision, because the antidepressant effect of SAMe can lead to the beginning of the manic phase in these individuals.

    This article was written by Dr. Michael Murray, one of the leading authorities in the field of natural medicine. Over the past 35 years, Dr. Murray has been compiling a massive database of original scientific studies of the medical literature. He has personally collected over 65000 articles from the scientific literature that provide convincing evidence of the effectiveness of diet, vitamins, minerals, herbs and other natural ways of maintaining health and treating disease. It is from this constantly expanding database that Dr. Murray provides the answers on health and treatment on the website DoctorMurray.com. Visit the iHerb page of Dr. Murray by clicking here.

    Highlights for dark hair: best, photos


    Staining, which was particularly popular in the early 2000s, now is back in fashion. It has become more careful and thoughtful, the purpose of the master not only to lighten individual strands, and make hair more structured, to give liveliness and volume. There are several types of highlighting on dark hair, so every girl will be able to choose the appropriate option.


    • Feature technology
    • Variety of highlighting on dark hair
      • Classic
      • Zonal
      • Brondirovanie
      • Venetian
      • Ombre
      • Coloring
      • Blonding
      • Partial highlights
      • Balaj
      • Shatush
    • The pros and cons
    • How to choose the right color
    • How to choose paint
    • How to dye dark hair yourself
      • With the cap
      • With foil
    • The rules of care after dyeing

    Feature technology

    Most of the women who ever did the coloring, I tried to Malyovitsa. If blonde girls you can choose lighter shades for toning bleached strands for brown hair or brunettes this principle does not work.

    Usually masters recommend to make brown, reddish, or chestnut honey strands. Yes, it’s not too much contrast, but the hues play beautifully in the light and emphasize the density and health of black hair.

    During the procedure, the wizard separates the strands and separates them in the chosen shade. Pre-lightening is used paint. The composition does not impinge on other strands, the professionals put on the head of the client a special hat with slits.

    Through the holes get strands of the desired thickness and stained. If necessary, they are wrapped in foil.

    If you do not classic highlights and more modern Balaj, laminating or similar technique, the cap is not used. It will not give the necessary gradual transition of colors, which allows you to simulate the glare from the sun.

    Variety of highlighting on dark hair

    The brown-haired brunettes correctly done weave looks particularly profitable. If you choose the ideal technique and shades, even the most damaged and thin dark hair look gorgeous.

    Depending on the type of hair and the end result colorists offer to choose from the following types of highlighting:

    • classic;
    • zonal;
    • brondirovanie;
    • Venetian;
    • Ombre;
    • coloring;
    • blonding;
    • partial highlights;
    • Balaj;
    • Shatush.

    Sometimes the differences between highlighting is almost invisible, but the effect may be quite different.

    There is a difference and in the process of applying the paint. Therefore, for optimal results you should learn basic features of painting.


    This is the painting that became the progenitor of the now so popular Balaia, setosa and other techniques. Classic highlights on dark hair involves bleaching thin strands. It is desirable that the strand thickness does not exceed 3-5 mm.

    Professional colorists recommend the use of a cap slotted to get a lot of thin strands. They applied a decolorizing composition. After clarification of individual strands of the whole mass of dark hair is tinted with regular paint. A particularly nice pearl and mother of pearl shades.


    This method is ideal for women who are worried about the quality of their hair and don’t want to spoil their serious discoloration. The essence of the procedure that lightens the strands separate only on the surface of the hair.

    The master does not touch the strands at the nape or behind the ears, so it doesn’t use cap. Zonal highlights for dark hair will help to simulate the glare from the sun’s rays and add hair volume.

    Staining the most gentle and virtually no damage. Only one flaw: if you want to see dyed hair, I have to wear only parted in the middle. The bulk of the hair is natural dark in color.


    Another name for this dyeing — multicolor highlights.

    The classical malinoises coloring uses only one color of paint to make discolored strands of desirable hue. When laminating, the wizard selects the few colors very close to natural, but differing in the bright side.

    The correct location of shades will help to create a smooth and natural color transition.

    Under ideal brondirovanie dark hair is shiny and full of life. It looks like such a stunning color got from nature.


    The main principle of this staining is naturalness. Colorists never choose contrasting colors, on the contrary, for Venetian highlighting on dark hair will need paint, different from natural colors up to 2 colors, not more.

    Strands are painted in a chaotic manner, as if balayage and Satoshi. The main difference from these techniques is that the paint is applied, starting from the roots, not from the mid-lengths. Then, the coloring composition thoroughly to blend. Foil or cap highlighting is not used.

    Venetian and Californian highlights — almost the same equipment. The only difference is that the “Venetian” is more suitable for girls with dark hair and a California painting accentuate the beauty of blondes.


    In the 2015-16 this painting was a real hit. Original Ombre simulated dark grown roots, but over time was modified and became more natural.

    The main difference between Ombre from more classic types of dyeing in that color transition between the natural color and staining specially made very clear and noticeable.

    For dyeing dark hair blond is used as and less contrasting colors. Most girls I prefer natural, but it highlights on dark hair looks great and with baklazhanovy, red or any other bright color.


    At first glance, it is very similar to the standard technique of highlighting. But there is an obvious difference. Coloring involves the use of several colors, and they don’t necessarily have to be close to the natural shade of dark hair.

    If the classic weave is not always necessary in toning the bleached hair, when coloring after bleaching the hair is definitely dyed.

    It can be as wide strands, and small and thin.

    The most popular shades for such highlighting on dark hair: copper, chestnut, aubergine, red, cognac, honey.

    Quality coloring will be satisfied as adherents of natural dyeing and connoisseur bright and extreme colors.


    This application is perfect for those who want to smoothly transition from dark hair color to blond.

    Compared to classical bleaching blonding is much more gentle. Women have the ability to treat the hair before you come to the next session highlighting the colorist.

    So it is possible to achieve as blonde and lighter shade. The specialist will help you choose the right tone: warmer or cold, beige, platinum, Golden.

    Partial highlights

    This technique is similar to the zonal coloring, but a bit different. Partial highlights on dark hair, you need to revitalize hair.

    Painted strands will help structure the hairstyle and give volume. The technology is ideal for those who are not ready for radical changes, but wants to change a little the way.


    The basis of the painting lies the technique of stretching the color. The paint is applied to hair from mid-length, roots are not affected.

    Balazs is perfect for girls with any natural hair color. Color transitions should be as invisible than the less contrast, the more natural the result looks.


    The task of the colorist when you run chatusa is to simulate the glare of the sun and a slight natural fading.

    For such a highlighting characteristic horizontal color transitions and smooth contrast. If you want gentle colouring and want to make a natural color more vivid, Shatush is an ideal option.

    The pros and cons

    As with any beauty procedure, highlights for dark hair has its advantages and disadvantages. Plus the following:

    • the weave refers to the sparing technique of painting because the paint gets only half of the hair;
    • helps to disguise the gray hairs appeared;
    • correctly placed colored strands will help to highlight the strengths and hide the weaknesses;
    • dark hair looks refreshed and voluminous;
    • most techniques highlighting does not affect the roots, so you don’t need to spend on paint and hairdressing services;
    • if you are not able to achieve the desired result, you can quickly return to the previous hair color;
    • some of the technology of staining helps to emphasize layered haircuts: a ladder or cascade;
    • you can choose the type of highlighting for hair of any length and structure.

    The shortcomings are minor. Complete dyeing takes several hours, so it’s best to allocate a free day. If a regular solid coloration, you can make your own at home, with the highlights is to contact the professionals.

    Important! Definitely need to alert the colorist, recently if hair was colored with henna or made Perm. It can hurt and lead to a beautiful and updated dark hair, and a completely unpredictable result.

    How to choose the right color

    Every girl wants to follow all the modern trends and be the most fashionable, but when choosing the shades definitely need to be guided by some important principles. Otherwise the result will not emphasize the natural beauty, and in some cases even spoil the appearance.

    Brown with warm undertone is well suited strands, painted in shades of honey, cognac or caramel. Perfect ochre, gold or wheat. If you want to go from dark hair color to blond, the option to weave the individual strands will help to do this gradually and with virtually no trauma exposure.

    Brunettes should pay attention to the chocolate or blueberry tones. They are not too contrast with the base tone of the hair, but will help to emphasize the natural beauty. Dark copper or bronze will help to imitate a beautiful sun glare and to give volume to thin straight hair.

    A great option for those who want to add zest and make the image more vivid, to make the individual strands of bright red. This weave is suitable for brunettes and brown hair.

    Girls who like more extreme options, fit blue, baklazhanovy, red and any other colors. Plus blue-black hair that they blend with almost any bright colors, so would welcome the full scope of imagination.

    How to choose paint

    To promiserat dark hair, use conventional color formulations. But experts recommend not to save and choose a professional paint which is guaranteed not to be harm for the hair. Some companies produce full sets for dyeing, which includes all the necessary chemical compounds, gloves, hat with eyelets and a hook for pulling the strands. For a professional paint characteristic thick texture, making it well-fixed on the strands and does not flow down.

    The best firms paint for dark and light hair, are:

    • L’oreal;
    • Estel;
    • Garnier;
    • Palette.

    If it is not possible to buy an expensive professional paint, it is recommended to stop production of these companies.

    How to dye dark hair yourself

    To make the weave can be in the home, but it is advisable to have at least minimal experience in coloring. There are a few simple techniques.

    With the cap

    Plus this technology, highlighting that it is suitable even for beginners. You need to buy a special hat, or cut a small hole in the swimming. Then put it on your head and a knitting hook to pull strands of the required thickness. The methodology is ideal for highlighting short hair or medium length.

    With the help of special brushes on pulling out strands to apply the coloring composition. You must start with the forehead, moving first to the temples, and then to the back. Then to time and upon expiration, thoroughly rinse the hair with. The cap can only be removed after shampooing.

    The result is a classic weave. A big part of the curls remains dark, and the colored strands look like feathers.

    With foil

    This method is ideal for dyeing hair. The convenience is that you need strands you can put on pieces of foil, carefully to paint and wrap. Make it pretty easy, the main thing is to divide strands and apply the paint.

    When using this technology, start painting the dark curls from the temporal zone. Foil definitely need to tuck the bottom, otherwise the paint may leak out. After applying the coloring composition on the strand the ends of the foil wrapped on the sides. If kept badly, can be mounted invisible.

    Video: the Process of professional painting

    The rules of care after dyeing

    Despite the fact that the highlights on dark hair is one of the most gentle techniques, the hairs still suffer and get too dry. Some techniques involve painting a pretty large area, so the question of care and rehabilitation is particularly acute.

    Companies that produce professional compositions for dyeing dark curls, offer to buy sprays or masks helps to tone bleached hair a healthy condition. Funds are not necessarily expensive, you can find quality products at an affordable price.

    Since hair is so damaged and for some time after the dyeing, avoid blow-drying or using hot hair dryer or Curling irons. This distorts the hair, making them weak and brittle.

    Be sure to use moisturizing masks and shampoos to nourish the cuticle and cortex moisture, making them more resistant to mechanical damage and thermal effects. Great effect mask based on the eggs, sour cream, olive or any other natural oil. Great for recovery after staining burdock, coconut, and tips it is recommended to apply Amla oil.

    With proper care highlights on dark hair is an ideal option to update the image. Depending on the needs and preferences of women can be made more natural coloring or to try to play with contrast. In any case, highlighting the procedure which is to try every girl.

    Highlights on brown hair: the best techniques, photos, videos


    Blonde hair color has a large part of the inhabitants of Russia. Many of them are unhappy with their tone, considering it a “mouse” and inexpressive. In vain! More and more girls prefers natural hair color, highlighting individual strands with the highlighting. It is important to know what kind of paint will emphasize the noble Rus tone and what technique used to choose.


    • What is the weave
    • Basic techniques
      • Classic
      • French
      • Zonal
      • California
      • Ombre
      • Balaj
      • Shatush
      • Coloring
      • Avant-garde
      • Ramilisonina
    • The pros and cons
      • Advantages
      • Disadvantages
    • How to choose the color
    • How to choose paint
    • Highlighting techniques self –
      • Technique # 1: cap
      • Technique No. 2: with foil
      • Technique No. 3: with comb

    What is the weave

    The procedure is familiar to almost every girl. It was first proposed in the Barber of France Jacques Dessange in the middle of the last century, but the popularity and love of thousands of girls streaking won in the early 2000-ies. The technology involves the separation of individual strands in a different color. This can be used as a natural, bright shades and more vivid colors.

    The feature of this painting that is affected not the whole mass of hair and individual strands. Therefore, highlights in brown hair choose girls who are afraid to damage the structure of hairs and make them weak and brittle.

    Highlights suitable for women with any color and structure of hair. Correctly performed staining will help to structure the hairstyle and even change facial features. The shade will be more noble and alive, hair will look great even without styling.

    Basic techniques

    The days when you had to sign up just for the classic highlights, long gone. Master colorists are not standing still and constantly invent new techniques to achieve the desired result.

    The main techniques for highlighting brown hair include:

    • classic;
    • French;
    • zonal (partial);
    • California;
    • Ombre;
    • Balaj;
    • Shatush;
    • coloring;
    • avant-garde;
    • ramilisonina.

    At first glance it may seem that all the techniques are almost identical, but with their help it is possible to achieve different results. Therefore, all options should be considered in more detail.


    The very thing which a few years ago, went every third girl. The essence of this technique lies in the fact that all of the mass is selected a plurality of thin strands, which are then clarified and tinted. Typically used 1-2 shade of paint, but no more than 4.

    For convenience, the barbers often use a special hat with small holes in it, and with a hook pulled out of thin strands. At home this cap can replace ordinary swimming, where small holes are cut.

    For classic highlighting on brown hair it is recommended to use light colors. They will help to revive the hair and make the face younger. Depending on the main color you can change light colors with more warm honey or cool platinum.


    Technique is designed to simulate sun-bleached strands. Perfect for girls with blond hair. The difference in tone will not be too noticeable, but hair will become more lively and voluminous.

    When highlighting on darker hair shades, we choose a couple of shades lighter than natural. Too bright contrasts look unnatural, so it is advisable to avoid them.

    Technique is suitable for both long and short hair, the main thing is to arrange the colored strands.

    At the French highlights use paint without ammonia, the maximum sparing effect on the hair. Some brands of paint contains a special wax that protects and enhances painted strands.


    This technique is perfect for girls with damaged hair. If you paint all the hair is terrible, zonal highlights for brown hair — the perfect escape.

    During the procedure, the master divides the hair parted in the middle and stain only the top layer. The negative impact is minimal, the appearance is changing for the better, and their health does not suffer.

    Only one flaw: the inside of the hair dyed. So if you want to demonstrate a new painting, will have to wear flowing hair parted in the middle. But at any moment it is possible to treat the strands and to resort to another technique.


    Another technique is necessary to simulate a sun-bleached curls. It is perfect for blonde hair. The technology is named after the Californian beauties that spend most of their time in the sun.

    Their brown hair fade naturally, and the inhabitants of the middle band you have to hire the services of colorists. The result is maximum natural.

    As French, Californian highlights does not allow for strong contrast and visible color transitions. Strands of hair lightens up to 3 tones, and then, if desired, additionally painted. Particularly welcome is soft and warm shades of honey, wheat, caramel.

    Video: learn More about Californian highlights


    This technique was at its peak in 2015-16. Now it is used less frequently, but it is perfect for any shade of blonde hair. The main difference between Ombre and other means that the difference between natural and dyed strands of specially made visible. This creates the effect of regrown hair.

    The roots in this painting is not affected, only the ends are lightened. They can be tinted in natural colors and more vivid and extreme: blue, pink, red and other.

    For damaged hair it is advisable to choose more natural options, because it doesn’t need much to lighten them.


    Looks great on dark blonde tresses. Balaj committed to ensuring that light blonde hair is more expressive, but the end result is not as noticeable as on the dark strands.

    During the staining used a few as close to natural hair color shades. This allows you to achieve smooth, natural transitions that are not evident, but make the curls more alive.

    The master evenly distributes the tone, with a brush simulate sunlight. The foil in this painting is not generally used.


    The technique is very similar to Balaj. It also involves the use of several shades and their proper distribution throughout the mass of hair.

    If bulaga typical horizontal application, Shatush means a vertical color gradation. For both techniques the application is not affected by root and not using foil.


    This highlights for brown hair involves the use of several shades of paint. They can be as close to natural as when balage and Satoshi or chosen specifically to create a more striking contrast.

    The result will satisfy lovers of all natural and rebels, and the damage to the hair guaranteed minimum. The only drawback of coloring that the coloring starts from the roots, so you should regularly update it.


    Ideal for those who want to stand out from the gray crowd. For avant-garde dyeing uses bright and vivid colors, any combination of colors.

    For those who malinowa simple techniques not enough, it was invented stencil coloring, which will help you recreate any image on the hair.


    Interesting technique involving the staining of individual strands is not bright, but in a darker shade. This technique is called reverse highlighting. It helps to create smooth transitions of color and make the image deeper and more intense.

    Sometimes ramilisonina used to hide a bad coloring. The gradual toning of the strands helps to quickly get back to the natural color.

    The pros and cons

    Before enrolling in the coloring in the hair salon, girls are asking a lot of questions. Will it need shade? Is it damaging to hair? How often should I update the staining? To answer these questions and choose the most appropriate technique, you need to determine the advantages and disadvantages of highlighting on brown hair.


    Millions of women choose a highlighting for the following reasons:

    • helps to make thin hair more voluminous;
    • does not require constant correction;
    • growing the roots invisible, most of the technologies implies the preservation of their natural brown color;
    • done correctly the weave helps hide flaws and emphasize dignity.
    • there is an opportunity to choose the perfect paint color can emphasize the natural color of hair;
    • perfectly camouflages gray hair without a dramatic coloring;
    • the hair gets a very little paint, so the damage is minimal.

    Highlights is ideal for those who are worried about the state of each of the strands, but wants to add novelty to the image.


    Despite the seeming ideality of highlighting, it does have its drawbacks:

    • such techniques as Balaj, Shatush or Californian highlights, are of high value;
    • the dyeing process takes several hours;
    • it is impossible to do on hair that was recently dyed with henna or Basma;
    • most technician can not perform yourself at home.

    For many of these cons seem minor, so try a weave is definitely worth every girl.

    How to choose the color

    Single blonde shade does not exist, they differ in the light or dark side. Some women have mild ryjenko, others tone hair colder. Related to this is the need for careful selection of shades to coloring looked natural and efficiently.

    For dark brown hair are ideal paint with a brown or Golden shade of wheat, honey, cognac amber, honey or chestnut.

    Girls with cold Rus should stay on the similar shades that are a couple shades lighter than the natural color. With very light blonde in perfect harmony all the shades of blonde: ivory, platinum, cream or milk.

    If you want to emphasize particular strands and create a dash, you can stay on the caramel or the color of coffee with milk.

    How to choose paint

    In most cases, you can use regular color formulations. But it is recommended not to save and buy a professional paint specialist store. Despite the small area of impact, poor coloring composition can considerably impair the condition of the hair.

    Note: Some cosmetic companies produce entire sets that include everything you need for highlighting, starting from the coloring compositions and ending with a special hat and tassels.

    Colorists-professionals recommend that girls who don’t want to waste time and large sums of money to beauty salons, to buy paints from famous brands: L’oreal, Estel, Garnier, Palette. The best option is gentle on paint without ammonia, your choice is to stop her.

    Highlighting techniques self –

    Plus Malinowski simple techniques that you can do yourself at home. But the result, as intended, it is necessary to observe following conditions:

    • do not apply paint if not long before, the hair was dyed with henna;
    • do not paint immediately after perming;
    • if the scalp has abrasions or rash, they need to pre-heal;
    • it is advisable not to wash my hair a couple of days before painting.

    Be sure to test for allergies. For this small amount of paint is applied to the bend of the elbow. If the rash does not appear, you can begin staining.

    Technique # 1: cap

    This is the most simple technology of dyeing at home. It is easy to do yourself without assistance. The main thing — to follow step by step instructions:

  • Thoroughly mix the paint for lightening and toning.
  • Wear a hat and using a special hook located on the back side of the brush, to pull out strands of desired size.
  • To each lock to apply the coloring composition.
  • After conditioning wash off the paint. In this case the cap should not be removed.
  • Remove the cap on all the hair apply.
  • The result is a classic frequent highlights on brown hair.

    Technique No. 2: with foil

    This method is more complicated, for uniform wrapping of the strands will need an assistant. Gradually, the coloring is like this:

  • Separates the broad, flat strand, located at a straight parting. With a comb, it divides into smaller strands.
  • The strands to be painted, separated from the main body of the hair using foil. They are coated with the coloring composition.
  • Then sequentially processed by the area of the temples and neck.
  • The foil is folded in the manner of an envelope, be sure to bend the strip at the bottom so that the paint will not escape.
  • After the exposure time, the paint washed off. The hair is a nourishing balm.
  • The result is a more natural coloring than using caps.

    Technique No. 3: with comb

    It is advisable to purchase a special comb for dyeing. If this is not possible, you can take a normal comb with a few teeth. The essence of the procedure lies in the fact that the crest of the applied paint, and then hair comb. The coloring composition is distributed along the length of the hair, thereby naturally lightening small strands of hair. Hair result look like slightly burned in the sun.

    If you yourself do the staining does not work, you should contact the experts. They will advise which technique to choose will help you to choose colors and make the perfect highlights. Professionals take into account all desires of the client and help to achieve the desired result in the shortest possible time.

    Highlights — a great way to make your hairstyle more volume, revitalize natural color, hide the gray and make the face expressive. The variety of techniques allows you to choose the perfect option for every girl, and thanks to gentle dye compounds the damage will be minimal. To hair remain healthy and beautiful, do not forget about care.

    Video: Clarification of individual strands independently


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