Hypertension is one of the most prevalent diseases of our time. According to who, high blood pressure affects more than 1.5 billion of the world’s population, and almost 10 million people die from cardiovascular disease associated with arterial hypertension (AH).
Experts believe these numbers would be much less if sick AG correctly and on time treated my illness. If these people lowered pressure of at least 10 mm Hg. article, the likelihood of development of these complications would be reduced by 30%; at 20 mm Hg. article — the risk would be reduced by almost 45%. Moreover, many people do not even know about their high blood pressure and learn about it only when the “thunder strike”.
Statistics show that only 58% of women and 37% of men aware of their disease.
Hypertension: the Trouble sneaks up on you
Intrigue of the disease lies in the fact that high blood pressure (at first) often does not give symptoms. A recurring headache, a feeling of compression of the skull, the heat, the sleepiness people usually “blamed” for fatigue. And when normal is HELL far behind, then ascertain the damage to the heart, brain, kidneys, organs of vision.
There are three stages of hypertension:
- The first (easy) — changes in the internal organs and systems are not yet happening, a pressure increase occurs sporadically and can be normalized independently. Most people in this period did not suspect about the disease.
- The second stage is impact resistant with increasing pressure, there are frequent headaches, dizziness, fatigue, insomnia, feeling of pulsation in the vessels, “flies” before the eyes. By excitement, stress, changes in weather conditions possible sudden “spike” pressure. At this stage the high pressure still is relatively easy to reduce with medicines, however, during crises, there is already the risk of heart attack or stroke.
- The third stage — the pressure increased constantly, attacking persistent changes in the blood vessels and heart muscle, the possible disorders of the kidneys, impaired vision, develops related vascular sclerosis. Crises can be prolonged and last up to a few days, despite medication. Complication they often have cerebrovascular disease, stroke, myocardial infarction, renal failure.
Coincidence or a logical extension?
Typically, patients first learn about hypertension on a routine examination (at best), and as the worst variant in hypertensive crisis — a sudden sharp increase in blood pressure. The reasons for the development of hypertensive crisis can be many: stress, weather, lack of sleep or self-treatment of hypertension without consulting a doctor, failure to comply with its provisions or arbitrarily cancel antihypertensive drug. Some of them cause a syndrome “cancel”, that is, can cause an increase in pressure.
For a hypertensive crisis characterized by sudden onset. During the attack the person can feel acute headache; blurred vision (up to a partial “loss” fields of vision); nausea, sometimes vomiting; redness of the skin, sometimes embossed in the chest, shortness of breath and even seizures. When hypertensive crisis, immediately call the ambulance and wait for arrival of doctors. And in any case do not take excessive doses of medicines (“so definitely helped”), unless recommended by the doctor can be life-threatening.Often people explain the cause of the crisis the confluence of negative circumstances — a bad day, a rough patch of life, etc. But in fact, they only pushed the events and factors that have already been accumulated for a long time.
This is especially important to remember those who included into so-called risk group for this disease:
- • Patients with a history of hypertension heredity (especially maternal) — almost 90% of patients with hypertension have a family history.
- • “Lovers” of alcohol, tobacco and salty food.
- • People who are in a state of chronic stress or constantly enough sleep (at least 8 hours a day).
- • Those who lead a sedentary lifestyle, as well as patients with obesity (it is proven that overweight people suffer from hypertension 3-4 times more often).
- • Old age — increase in blood pressure with the onset of aging is a physiological process associated with decrease in elasticity of blood vessels.
- • Women in menopause is associated with hormonal changes in the body (estrogens, female sex hormones, have a vasodilator effect when their number is reduced, this effect significantly weakened).
- • 5% of hypertensive disease is associated with disorders in the kidneys and adrenal glands.
Therefore, doctors insist that anyone who has such risks and included in the average age of the regularly measured blood pressure at least once per month, even if you feel very good. This can be done at home very easily, especially given the capabilities of modern “smart” blood pressure monitors.
However, several subtleties must still remember.
1. It is more expedient to measure pressure on an empty stomach morning and evening.
2. Apply the cuff on the arm, not over clothing. Place it on two fingers above the elbow.
3. Do not measure pressure after agitation, hypothermia, consumption of coffee, tea, alcohol, sports or physical work (must be at least half an hour).
4. When measuring, also don’t talk, watch TV, etc.
5. Since the pressure changes during the day, it is important to measure it every time at the same time.
If the regular measurements show an increase in blood pressure, do consult your doctor.
All patients with high blood pressure need to choose the right treatment, which helped not only to keep its level within the individual standards, but also to implement prevention of heart attacks, stroke. No doubt, these drugs can be prescribed only by a doctor after a thorough examination, determine the causes of the disease, identifying co-morbidities and consideration of medications you are already taking.But even a genius doctor will be powerless to help the patient who does not comply with the key rules for the treatment of hypertension:
- follow the doctor’s recommendations, and not only on medication but on diet, lifestyle, etc.;
- it is important not only to reach normal pressures, but also to keep them, so taking medication should always, not only when pressed (this is the most common mistake “unfair” patients who subsequently become victims of their own reckless behavior);
- about any side effects you should immediately inform your doctor;
- continue to measure your blood pressure when taking the medication even if you feel that everything will be okay;
- you can not reduce the pressure very quickly — much safer to do it in 2-3 phases over several months;
- feeling improved, you should not stop taking the drugs, as there is a risk of “withdrawal syndrome”. Do not reduce self-medication, in particular beta-blockers: this leads to heart disaster.
Modern methods of treatment of hypertension involves a combination of several drugs or the use of so-called complex products. It’s more effective because you use drugs with different mechanisms of actions that can reduce their doses and to approach treatment in a holistic manner. There is a new long-acting products that “hold” the HELL within the normal range during the day.
Drug therapy of hypertension can be successfully combined with other methods — reflexology, massage, physiotherapy exercises. Perhaps, in addition to medication use infusions of herbs, vitamins — consult your doctor about the advisability of using alternative methods. Very useful moderate exercise: walking, swimming (depending on the stage of the disease, condition and age of the patient). Exercise combined with diet help to reduce excess weight and well trained cardiovascular system. If you can — walk to work or walk 30-40 minutes daily (in the evening, during the lunch break).
Proper nutrition is also an effective cure of hypertension.
- Limit your intake of salt and animal fats, remove from the diet of fast food, minimize the meats, preserves, mayonnaise, pickles.
- Replace fried foods steamed, grilled and in the oven, and the butter plant.
- Choose lean meats, low-fat dairy products. Make one vegetarian day a week.
- Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables of different colors, especially useful for “green”.
- Like foods rich in potassium and magnesium (bananas, dried apricots, cranberries, mushrooms, seaweed, buckwheat, almonds).
Another effective way — management of emotions. Stress is one of the main reasons for the development of hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. For example, it is known that after the earthquake in Japan in 2011 dramatically increased the number of strokes. There were even cases when after severe losses of the favorite football team among its fans grows, the number of hospitalizations with myocardial infarction. Women suffer more from family “losses”, problems at work negatively affect both women and men.Studies have shown that a state of constant anxiety increases the risk of cardiovascular complications by 45%, depression — twice. Therefore, as said the wise: if you can’t change life circumstances — change them.And if it becomes will power, master the methods of psychological relief — meditation, anger management.published econet.ru.